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Palladium supported on bis(indolyl)methane functionalized magnetite nanoparticles as an efficient catalyst for copper-free Sonogashira-Hagihara reaction

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
38672 45787 2016 10 PDF Available
Title
Palladium supported on bis(indolyl)methane functionalized magnetite nanoparticles as an efficient catalyst for copper-free Sonogashira-Hagihara reaction
Abstract

•A novel catalyst using Pd supported on bisindolyl functionalized Fe3O4 is synthesized.•The catalyst was characterized using different analytical methods.•The catalyst was applied for Sonogashira reactions of aryl halides (Cl, Br, I) under air.•The Sonogashira reaction was performed under Copper and Phosphane free conditions.•The catalyst was successfully recycled for seven consecutive runs by an external magnet.

A novel heterogeneous catalyst based on palladium nanoparticles supported on 3,3′-bisindolyl(4-hydroxyphenyl)methane functionalized magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles was synthesized, characterized and used as catalyst for Sonogashira-Hagihara reaction. The alkynylation of a variety of aryl iodides and aryl bromides with terminal alkynes was carried out at 60 °C under copper and phosphane-free conditions using N,N-dimethyl acetamide as solvent, DABCO as base and low Pd loadings (0.18 mol%) under air. In the case of aryl chlorides, the reaction was carried out at 120 °C in the presence of tetra-n-butylammonium bromide (TBAB) and 0.36 mol% of Pd catalyst. The heterogeneous palladium catalyst introduced in this study is recoverable by an external magnet and it can be used for seven consecutive runs without a significant loss in catalytic activity.

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Keywords
Magnetic; Palladium; Nanoparticles; Sonogashira; Copper-free
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Palladium supported on bis(indolyl)methane functionalized magnetite nanoparticles as an efficient catalyst for copper-free Sonogashira-Hagihara reaction
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 525, 5 September 2016, Pages 31–40
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us