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CuI-catalyzed aerobic oxidation of tertiary amines as chain initiation for radical polymerization of methyl methacrylate. Syndiotactic-rich alpha-amino PMMA via mono-centered initiation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
38693 45788 2016 12 PDF Available
Title
CuI-catalyzed aerobic oxidation of tertiary amines as chain initiation for radical polymerization of methyl methacrylate. Syndiotactic-rich alpha-amino PMMA via mono-centered initiation
Abstract

•Air-stable CuII/L complexes oxidized tertiary amines into aminoalkyl radicals to initiate polymerization of MMA.•In-situ generated CuI/L complexes spontaneously formed oxidative complexes with aerobic O2 to continuously oxidize tertiary amines to initiate polymerization.•Ppm-level CuII/2,2′-biypridine complexes catalyzed polymerization at a moderate rate using triethylamine as the substrate, leading to syndiotactic-rich alpha-amino PMMA.

CuI-catalyzed aerobic oxidation of tertiary amines as the substrate involves active radicals as the oxidized intermediates, in which the reduced intermediates, CuI complexes, play a role of oxygen carriers to activate O2 into the proton/electron/hydrogen-atom acceptor, while tertiary amines serve as the corresponding donor and afford alpha aminoalkyl carbon-centered radicals. CuI-catalyzed oxidation of various tertiary amines using aerobic O2 diffused from air as the ultimate oxidant and air-stable CuII salts as the catalyst precursor was adopted as the chain initiation for radical polymerization of methyl methacrylate (MMA) in dimethylsulfoxide at 90 °C. The polymerization kinetics was monitored by gas chromatography, while the molecular weight and stereotacticity of PMMA were determined by gel-permeation chromatography and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Triethylamine behaved as an efficient substrate while CuII/2,2′-bipyridine complexes displayed a higher catalytic activity. The polymerization proceeded in a conventional fashion at a comparable rate even using several micromol of CuII/2,2′-bipyridine complexes per liter, leading to syndiotactic-rich PMMA (syndiotacticity >55%) with an alpha-amino terminal moiety as the residue from the tertiary amine substrate, which was confirmed by UV-induced benzophenone-initiated radical polymerization using the so-obtained PMMA as the macro-sensitizer. The catalyst-performance analysis suggested that each molecule of CuII/2,2′-bipyridine complexes could generate 3 × 102 propagating PMMA radicals in 3 h under optimal conditions.

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Keywords
CuII-amine redox initiation; Catalytic aerobic oxidation; Radical polymerization; Tertiary amine; Methyl methacrylate; Catalytic efficiency
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CuI-catalyzed aerobic oxidation of tertiary amines as chain initiation for radical polymerization of methyl methacrylate. Syndiotactic-rich alpha-amino PMMA via mono-centered initiation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 522, 25 July 2016, Pages 1–12
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us