Chromium free high temperature water–gas shift catalyst for the production of hydrogen from waste derived synthesis gas
•Me-CeO2 and Me-Ni-CeO2 catalysts were prepared and explored in the HT-WGS reaction.•Doping of CeO2 with transition metal led to increased lattice strain.•Doping of Ni into Me-CeO2 further improved activity and thermal stability.•The higher lattice strain introduced higher oxygen vacancies in the Me-Ni-CeO2.•Co-Ni-CeO2 showed the excellent activity and stability among the tested catalysts.
A comparative study between monometallic (Me−CeO2, Me = Zn, Cu, Fe and Co) and Ni-doped bimetallic (Me−Ni−CeO2) catalysts has been performed in the high temperature water-gas shift (HT−WGS) reaction using waste derived synthesis gas. Experimental results revealed that Me−Ni−CeO2 exhibited higher catalytic performance than simple Me−CeO2 catalysts. Within the Me−Ni−CeO2 series, Co−Ni−CeO2 exhibited excellent and stable catalytic performance (CO conversion > 90%) at a very high GHSV of 143,000 h−1. The existence of high concentration of Ce3+ ions and oxygen vacancies on the catalyst surface were responsible for the increased WGS activity of Co−Ni−CeO2. In addition, Co−Ni−CeO2 maintains a stable performance for 50 h. However, commercial Fe2O3-Cr2O3 catalyst showed a steep decline from their initial CO conversion values 15–10% within 5 h.
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Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 522, 25 July 2016, Pages 21–31