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Effect of water treatment and Fe doping on Pt sintering and the propane oxidation activity of Pt/Al2O3

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
38707 45788 2016 7 PDF Available
Title
Effect of water treatment and Fe doping on Pt sintering and the propane oxidation activity of Pt/Al2O3
Abstract

•Pt sintering for Pt-FeOx/Al2O3 catalysts was suppressed by water treatment.•Small amount of FeOx on the alumina surface may function as pinning sites.•High Fe contents promoted Pt sintering, while they activated the propane oxidation probably due to the promotion of dissociative adsorption of the propane CH bond during the oxidation reaction.•The present results prove that combination of doping with an appropriate amount of Fe and water treatment suppresses Pt sintering and enhances the alkane oxidation activity of Pt/Al2O3 catalysts.

The effect of water treatment and Fe doping on Pt sintering at high temperature was studied for 1wt%Pt/Al2O3 catalysts. After aging for 5 h at 700 and 800 °C, the water-treated catalysts had higher Pt dispersions than the corresponding untreated catalysts, indicating that Pt sintering was suppressed by water treatment. The degree of improvement depended on Fe content. X-ray diffraction and Pt LIII and Fe K edge X-ray absorption fine structure measurements indicated that Pt was not alloyed with Fe species; that metallic Pt particles and trivalent Fe species existed in all of the aged catalysts; and that both water treatment and Fe content did not affect the Pt and Fe valence states. Thus, the effective suppression of Pt sintering in catalysts with low Fe content (molar ratio of Fe/Pt ≈ 1) at 700–800 °C is probably due to iron oxides on the alumina surface functioning as pinning sites for Pt nanoparticles. In contrast, high Fe contents (molar ratio of Fe/Pt ≳ 5) promoted Pt sintering, but lowered the propane oxidation temperature. This is probably due to the promotion of dissociative adsorption of the propane CH bond during the oxidation reaction.

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Keywords
Pt catalyst; Sintering; Water treatment; Fe doping; Propane oxidation; Alumina
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Effect of water treatment and Fe doping on Pt sintering and the propane oxidation activity of Pt/Al2O3
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 522, 25 July 2016, Pages 138–144
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us