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Coke formation of model compounds relevant to pyrolysis bio-oil over ZSM-5

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
38846 45793 2016 15 PDF Available
Title
Coke formation of model compounds relevant to pyrolysis bio-oil over ZSM-5
Abstract

•Toluene, propylene, tolualdehyde and furan were catalytically pyrolyzed over ZSM-5.•Coke forms via oligomerization and polymerization of aromatics and olefins.•Catalytic reactions produce coke with higher crystallinity and higher H/C ratio.•Chemical structures for coke are proposed, satisfying 13C NMR and elemental analysis.

Formation of coke during biomass catalytic pyrolysis deteriorates the selectivity to valuable liquid products and deactivates the catalyst, due to pore blocking and active site poisoning. In this work we investigate reaction mechanisms of coke formation and the structure of coke, formed from model compounds of relevance to biomass catalytic pyrolysis. Specifically, toluene, propylene, tolualdehyde and furan are catalytically pyrolyzed over ZSM-5, focusing on their yields to catalytic coke. Pyrolysis over inert silica is also performed, in order to understand the extent of thermal reactions. The pyrolysis product distribution of each model compound is presented and discussed in comparison with coke formation mechanisms proposed in the literature. It is shown that coke is mainly formed via oligomerization and polymerization of aromatic hydrocarbons and olefins. Catalytic reactions enhance the production of coke with higher crystallinity, less condensed structure and higher H/C ratio. Catalytic pyrolysis of toluene and tolualdehyde produces coke of similar structure, containing significant amounts of aliphatic carbons. Among the model compounds studied, furan produces the most condensed form of coke with no aliphatic carbons.

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Keywords
Heterogeneous catalysis; Biomass; Catalytic pyrolysis; Coke characterization; Coke formation chemistry
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Coke formation of model compounds relevant to pyrolysis bio-oil over ZSM-5
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 513, 5 March 2016, Pages 67–81
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us