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Enhanced H2 production from hydrolysis of sodium borohydride using Co3O4 nanoparticles assembled coatings prepared by pulsed laser deposition

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
38856 45794 2016 9 PDF Available
Title
Enhanced H2 production from hydrolysis of sodium borohydride using Co3O4 nanoparticles assembled coatings prepared by pulsed laser deposition
Abstract

•Efficient Co3O4 nanoparticles coating was deposited by PLD with optimized parameters.•H2 generation rate attained by Co3O4 coating is 5 times higher than that produced by powder.•Co3O4 phase is more effective than CoO phase in H2 production from NaBH4.•NPs with mixed amorphous-nanocrystalline phase on the surface act as active sites.

Nanocatalysts, in the form of nanoparticles assembled coatings (NPACs) of Co3O4, were synthesized by pulsed laser deposition (PLD) with optimized parameters. Phase explosion phenomena occurring at high laser fluences produce nanoparticles (NPs) with an average size of ∼5 nm having narrow size distribution (3–10 nm) and low degree of agglomeration, which are randomly arranged in the form of coating on the substrate surface. In comparison with chemically synthesized Co3O4 crystalline powder, the NPACs deposited by PLD showed significantly higher catalytic activity for H2 generation by hydrolysis of NaBH4. Maximum H2 generation rate obtained by NPACs (5010 ml min−1 gcat−1) is about 5 times higher than that produced by Co3O4 powder (1000 ml min−1 gcat−1), which is mainly attributed to high surface area and large number of active sites provided by the Co3O4 NPs in the coating owing to their size and shape. By varying the O2 pressure during PLD, two different cobalt oxide phases, namely Co3O4 and CoO, were formed in NPACs and found that Co3O4 phase is more active for hydrolysis than CoO phase with lower oxidation number. The morphology and crystallinity of Co3O4 NPACs were tuned by varying the laser fluence and substrate temperature respectively, and their effect on H2 generation rate was studied. The results showed that the NPs with mixed amorphous-nanocrystalline phase on the surface act as active sites for favorable interaction and NaBH4 conversion.

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Keywords
Co3O4 coating; Nanocatalyst; Pulsed laser deposition; H2 production; Sodium borohydride
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Enhanced H2 production from hydrolysis of sodium borohydride using Co3O4 nanoparticles assembled coatings prepared by pulsed laser deposition
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 515, 10 April 2016, Pages 1–9
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us