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High-performing and durable MgO/Ni catalysts via atomic layer deposition for CO2 reforming of methane (CRM)

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
38861 45794 2016 6 PDF Available
Title
High-performing and durable MgO/Ni catalysts via atomic layer deposition for CO2 reforming of methane (CRM)
Abstract

•MgO shell-coated Ni catalysts with two different shell thicknesses were fabricated using atomic layer deposition (ALD).•MgO on Ni catalysts enhanced catalytic performance in terms of activity as well as stability for CRM reaction, compared to the uncoated catalysts.•The superior catalytic performance was attributed to increasing strength and amount of basic sites and sinter-resistance by MgO shell.•Ni ensemble for graphitic carbon deposition was destroyed by MgO shell, resulting in improvement of catalytic durability for the CRM reaction.

MgO-coated Ni catalysts with two different shell thicknesses were prepared using atomic layer deposition (ALD) and their catalytic activities for the CO2 reforming of CH4 (CRM) were compared with that of bare Ni catalyst. Conversion of CO2 and CH4 in the CRM reaction at 800 °C was enhanced with increasing thickness of the ALD-deposited MgO shells. In particular, the catalytic activity of MgO/Ni catalyst prepared using 200 ALD MgO deposition cycles was fairly durable, with negligible deactivation during a 72 h CRM reaction. We suggest that the MgO shell, which is highly basic and has high affinity to CO2, likely, accelerated the reverse CO disproportionation, thereby reducing the poisoning of Ni active sites during the CRM reaction. Furthermore, the 200-cycled MgO shell destroyed ensemble of Ni catalysts surface, allowing preservation of Ni active sites with preferential growth of filamentous carbon to layered graphitic ones. We suggest that the preparation of core–shell structures using ALD can be a promising strategy for fabricating highly active and durable catalysts that are operable at relatively high temperatures.

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Keywords
Atomic layer deposition (ALD); CO2 reforming of CH4 (CRM); Ni catalyst; MgO
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High-performing and durable MgO/Ni catalysts via atomic layer deposition for CO2 reforming of methane (CRM)
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 515, 10 April 2016, Pages 45–50
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us