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A study of M1/M2 phase synergy in the MoVTe(Nb,Ta)O catalysts for propane ammoxidation to acrylonitrile

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
38876 45794 2016 11 PDF Available
Title
A study of M1/M2 phase synergy in the MoVTe(Nb,Ta)O catalysts for propane ammoxidation to acrylonitrile
Abstract

•No evidence of M1/M2 phase synergy was found for propane ammoxidation because all M2 phases are significantly less active than corresponding M1 phases in the ammoxidation of propylene intermediate.•Lower activity of pure M1 phase in propane ammoxidation is consistent with preferential loss of surface TeOx species from it during the H2O2 treatment to dissolve the M2 phase impurity.•The enhanced activity previously associated with the M1/M2 phase synergy can be explained by the generation of fresh ab planes of the M1 phase by crushing the H2O2-treated M1 phase.•These findings can be employed to rationally design improved MoVTe(Nb,Ta)O catalysts for propane ammoxidation to ACN.

The bulk mixed MoVTe(Nb,Ta)O catalysts containing nanoscale intergrowths of so-called M1 and M2 phases display uniquely high reactivity in propane ammoxidation to acrylonitrile (ACN) associated with the surface ab planes of the M1 phase. The current controversy surrounding this catalytic system is focused on the role of the M2 phase, which is unable to activate propane but was suggested in some studies to function in synergy with the M1 phase by efficiently converting the propylene intermediate to ACN. The present study systematically examined the catalytic behavior of pure M1 phases prepared by selective dissolution of the M2 phase in MoVTe(Nb,Ta)O catalysts in aqueous hydrogen peroxide. It confirmed that the MoVTe(Nb,Ta)O M1 phases are highly active and selective for propane and propylene ammoxidation, while the MoVTe(Nb,Ta)O M2 phases were active and selective in propylene ammoxidation only. Crucially, the present study of the pure MoVTe(Nb,Ta)O M1 and M2 phases in propylene ammoxidation revealed for the very first time that the M2 phases are significantly less active than the corresponding M1 phases in propylene ammoxidation. The findings of this study do not support the existence of the synergy effect for the MoVTe(Nb,Ta)O M1 and M2 phases. Instead, the trends previously associated with the M1 and M2 phase synergy in propane ammoxidation can be explained by two effects that were unaccounted for previously: (i) the preferential loss of surface active TeOx species from the M1 phase during the H2O2 treatment, and (ii) the generation of fresh ab planes via mechanical crushing of the H2O2-treated M1 phase. These findings confirmed that the M1 phase is the only phase required for the activity and selectivity of the MoVTe(Nb,Ta)O catalysts in propane ammoxidation to ACN.

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Keywords
Propane ammoxidation; Propylene ammoxidation; M1 phase; M2 phase; Synergy
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A study of M1/M2 phase synergy in the MoVTe(Nb,Ta)O catalysts for propane ammoxidation to acrylonitrile
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 515, 10 April 2016, Pages 179–189
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us