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Applicability of near-infrared spectroscopy for process monitoring in bioethanol production

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
3889 197 2010 7 PDF Available
Title
Applicability of near-infrared spectroscopy for process monitoring in bioethanol production
Abstract

The applicability of near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy to bioethanol production is investigated. The NIR technique can provide assistance for rapid process monitoring, because organic compounds absorb radiation in the wavelength range 1100–2300 nm. For quantification of a sample's chemical composition, a calibration model is required that relates the measured spectral NIR absorbances to concentrations. For calibration, the concentrations in g/l are determined by the analytical reference method high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The calibration models are built and validated for moisture, protein, and starch in the feedstock material, and for glucose, ethanol, glycerol, lactic acid, acetic acid, maltose, fructose, and arabinose in the processed broths. These broths are prepared in laboratory experiments: The ground cereal samples are fermented to alcoholic broths (‘mash’), which are divided into an ethanol fraction and the residual fraction ‘stillage’ by distillation. The NIR technology together with chemometrics proved itself beneficial for fast monitoring of the current state of the bioethanol process, primarily for higher concentrated substances (>1 g/l).

Keywords
Bioethanol; Near-infrared spectroscopy; PLS regression; Multivariate calibration
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 52, Issues 2–3, 15 November 2010, Pages 187–193
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us