A DFT+U study of the Mars Van Krevelen mechanism of CO oxidation on Au/TiO2 catalysts
•Mars Van Krevelen mechanism on Au/TiO2 catalysts.•O2 dissociation on vacancy on Au/TiO2 is exothermic process.•Charging/discharging of Au cluster in the catalytic cycle.
Density Functional Theory calculations were carried out to study CO oxidation by lattice oxygen atoms of Au10/TiO2 (001) catalyst. The variation in ΔG° with temperature and the barriers associated with the elementary reactions were calculated. The Mars Van Krevelen (MvK) mechanism starts with the CO oxidation by lattice oxygen atoms located at the periphery of Au10 on Au10/TiO2 system. The variation in ΔG° indicates that the process is spontaneous at all the temperatures studied and requires 53 kJ/mol activation barrier. The CO2 desorption, as result of this oxidative process, leaves a surface oxygen vacancy at the perimeter of Au10/TiO2 which is refilled in the subsequent O2 adsorption step. The variation in ΔG° for adsorption of O2 showed that the adsorption process is spontaneous until 420 K. Dissociation of O2 into O + O is an exothermic process and activated by a small activation barrier (30 kJ/mol). The second cycle of CO oxidation is even more probable, having a lower activation barrier and high exothermicity. While the ΔG° for CO oxidation by lattice oxygen atoms is negative on Au10/TiO2, it is positive from 100 to 650 K on Au3/TiO2 and clean TiO2 (001) surfaces, respectively. Thus, CO oxidation by MvK mechanism on Au/TiO2 catalysts depends upon the size/dispersion of the Au cluster. Since, Au cluster facilitates CO oxidation by MvK mechanism, therefore, MvK mechanism is expected to take place together with the Langmuir-Hinshelwood mechanism on Au/TiO2 catalysts.
Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (135 K)Download as PowerPoint slide
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 519, 5 June 2016, Pages 27–33