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In situ photoelectron spectroscopy study of ethanol steam reforming over RhPd nanoparticles and RhPd/CeO2

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
38989 45800 2016 7 PDF Available
Title
In situ photoelectron spectroscopy study of ethanol steam reforming over RhPd nanoparticles and RhPd/CeO2
Abstract

•Ethanol steam reforming on RhPd nanoparticles and RhPd/CeO2 is studied by in situ XPS.•Rh segregates toward the surface in RhPd/CeO2 after ethanol steam reforming.•Metals in RhPd/CeO2 are more oxidized with respect to unsupported RhPd.•In situ and operando ambient pressure XPS yield similar results for unsupported RhPd.•RhPd/CeO2 is more oxidized and enriched in Pd under operando XPS than in situ XPS.

In situ X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) was carried out over model Rh0.5Pd0.5 nanoparticles and Rh0.5Pd0.5 nanoparticles supported on CeO2 following exposure to oxygen at 573–823 K, to hydrogen at 573 K (activation of the catalyst), to a mixture of ethanol and water at 823 K simulating ethanol steam reforming (ESR) conditions, and to hydrogen at 823 K. The presence of the CeO2 support had a strong influence on the atomic rearrangement and on the oxidation state of Rh0.5Pd0.5 nanoparticles. CeO2 exerted a quenching effect on the metal nanoparticles and limited atomic rearrangement under the different atmospheres tested except for ESR, where a partial segregation of Rh toward the surface of the nanoparticles was observed. When supported on CeO2, Rh0.5Pd0.5 nanoparticles were significantly more oxidized due to metal-support interaction. By comparing these in situ XPS results with a previous operando near-ambient pressure XPS study conducted in a synchrotron facility at 0.05 mbar over the same samples, it is concluded that the information obtained for the unsupported Rh0.5Pd0.5 nanoparticles is similar in both cases, whereas Rh0.5Pd0.5 nanoparticles supported on CeO2 are clearly more oxidized and enriched in Pd in the volume sampled under operando ESR conditions compared to that obtained in the in situ experiments. The study of catalytic systems under operando conditions appears essential to identify the active species at work during ESR, as the restructuring driven by the reforming environment induces strong changes in their architecture.

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Keywords
XPS; Ethanol steam reforming; Hydrogen; Ceria; Bimetallic nanoparticles
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 518, 25 May 2016, Pages 60–66
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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