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Steam reforming of ethanol for hydrogen production over MgO—supported Ni-based catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
38994 45800 2016 14 PDF Available
Title
Steam reforming of ethanol for hydrogen production over MgO—supported Ni-based catalysts
Abstract

•The preparation method of MgO significantly affected basicity and reducibility.•The basicity followed the order: Ni/MgOpa > Ni/MgOp > Ni/MgOd.•The distribution of NiO particles and NiO–MgO solid solution depended on the synthesis conditions.•Catalyst deactivation during SR of ethanol was mainly due to carbon deposition.•The amount of carbon deposited decreased when the basicity increased.

This work studied the effect of preparation method of MgO on the performance of Ni/MgO catalysts for steam reforming of ethanol. Three different MgO were prepared by precipitation and aging, precipitation and decomposition of precursor salt. Depending on the synthesis conditions, the basicity and the type of Ni species significantly varied. TPD of adsorbed CO2 showed that the MgO prepared by precipitation and aging possess the highest amount of basic sites. TPR and XANES revealed the presence of two different Ni species: NiO particles and Ni2+ inserted in the lattice of a NiO–MgO solid solution, which is hardly reducible. Ni supported on MgO obtained by precipitation and aging exhibited the highest reduction degree. The preparation method of MgO also affected the amount of carbon formed during SR of ethanol at 773 K under H2O/ethanol molar ratio of 3.0. Increasing basicity decreased the amount of carbon deposits, which was attributed to the increase of carbon gasification rate.

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Keywords
Hydrogen production; Steam reforming of ethanol; Ni/MgO catalyst; Deactivation mechanism
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Steam reforming of ethanol for hydrogen production over MgO—supported Ni-based catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 518, 25 May 2016, Pages 115–128
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us