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Enhanced assembly and colloidal stabilization of primate erythroparvovirus 1 virus-like particles for improved surface engineering

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39 4 2016 9 PDF Available
Title
Enhanced assembly and colloidal stabilization of primate erythroparvovirus 1 virus-like particles for improved surface engineering
Abstract

Virus-like particles (VLPs) are the product of the self-assembly, either in vivo or in vitro, of structural components of viral capsids. These particles are excellent scaffolds for surface display of biomolecules that can be used in vaccine development and tissue-specific drug delivery. Surface engineering of VLPs requires structural stability and chemical reactivity. Herein, we report the enhanced assembly, colloidal stabilization and fluorescent labeling of primate erythroparvovirus 1 (PE1V), generally referred to as parvovirus B19. In vitro assembly of the VP2 protein of PE1V produces VLPs, which are prone to flocculate and hence undergo limited chemical modification by thiol-specific reagents like the fluorogenic monobromobimane (mBBr). We determined that the addition of 0.2 M l-arginine during the assembly process produced an increased yield of soluble VLPs with good dispersion stability. Fluorescent labeling of VLPs suspended in phosphate buffered saline (PBS) added with 0.2 M l-Arg was achieved in significantly shorter times than the flocculated VLPs assembled in only PBS buffer. Finally, to demonstrate the potential application of this approach, mBBr-labeled VLPs were successfully used to tag human hepatoma HepG2 cells. This new method for assembly and labeling PE1V VLPs eases its applications and provides insights on the manipulation of this biomaterial for further developments.Statement of SignificanceApplication of virus‐derived biomaterials sometimes requires surface modification for diverse purposes, including enhanced cell‐specific interaction, the inclusion of luminescent probes for bioimaging, or the incorporation of catalytic properties for the production of enzyme nanocarriers. In this research, we reported for the first time the colloidal stabilization of the primate erythroparvovirus 1 (PE1V) virus‐like particles (VLPs). Also, we report the chemical modification of the natural Cys residues located on the surface of these VLPs with a fluorescent probe, as well as its application for tagging hepatoma cells in vitro. Keeping in mind that PE1V is a human pathogen, virus–host interactions already exist in human cells, and they can be exploited for therapeutic and research aims. This study will impact on the speed in which the scientific community will be able to manipulate PE1V VLPs for diverse purposes. Additionally, this study may provide insights on the colloidal properties of these VLPs as well as in the effect of different protein additives used for protein stabilization.

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Keywords
In vitro assembly; Virus-like particles; Nanobiotechnology; Fluorescent labeling; Nanoparticle stabilization; Parvovirus B19
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 35, 15 April 2016, Pages 206–214
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us