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Enhanced CO2 photoreduction activity of black TiO2−coated Cu nanoparticles under visible light irradiation: Role of metallic Cu

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39013 45801 2016 8 PDF Available
Title
Enhanced CO2 photoreduction activity of black TiO2−coated Cu nanoparticles under visible light irradiation: Role of metallic Cu
Abstract

•Fabrication of black TiO2–coated Cu nanoparticles with oxygen resistance of metallic Cu.•The metallic Cu nanoparticles promote the formation of oxygen vacancies in TiO2 through the metal-oxide interaction.•The metallic Cu nanoparticles facilitate the separation of photogenerated electron-hole pairs of TiO2.•black TiO2–coated Cu photocatalysts exhibit higher activity for the reduction of CO2 than that of TiO2.

Nanosized metallic copper could be a replacement of noble metals for improving photoactivity of TiO2-based photocatalysts, but it tends to be oxidized by oxygen in surroundings. To avoid this, black TiO2−coated Cu nanoparticles (denoted as Cu@TiO2) were constructed in the present work, and their photoactivity for the photoreaction of CO2 with H2O vapor under visible-light irradiation was explored. X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and selected area electron diffraction analysis for the used Cu@TiO2 confirm the hierarchical structure of Cu@TiO2 and oxygen resistance of metallic Cu. The photocatalytic activity for Cu@TiO2 (∼4%Cu) reaches 1.7 times of that for its counterpart, bared black TiO2. The improved photoactivity is attributed to the embedded metallic Cu, which promotes the formation of oxygen vacancies in TiO2 through the metal-oxide interaction, thus increasing the visible-light absorption of Cu@TiO2 and the adsorption of CO2 on their surface. Furthermore, the metallic Cu increases photoinduced charge-separation of TiO2 through trapping electrons as evidenced by transient photocurrent measurements. The present work sheds light on developing new type of metal-oxide based visible-light-driven photocatalysts.

Graphical abstractThe black TiO2–coated Cu nanoparticles with oxygen resistance were fabricated in this work. The activity of Cu@TiO2 for CO2 photoreduction under visible-light irradiation is markedly higher than that of bared black TiO2Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (105 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Black TiO2−coated Cu nanoparticles; Oxygen resistance; Photocatalytic reduction of CO2; Oxygen vacancy
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Enhanced CO2 photoreduction activity of black TiO2−coated Cu nanoparticles under visible light irradiation: Role of metallic Cu
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 510, 25 January 2016, Pages 34–41
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us