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Metathesis and isomerization of n-butene and ethylene over WO3/SiO2 and MgO catalysts: Thermodynamic and experimental analysis

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39109 45806 2016 9 PDF Available
Title
Metathesis and isomerization of n-butene and ethylene over WO3/SiO2 and MgO catalysts: Thermodynamic and experimental analysis
Abstract

•Metathesis and isomerization between ethylene and n-butene on W-based catalyst were summarized under different conditions.•Mechanism of metallacyclobutane intermediate formation from trans/cis-2-butene and W atoms was proposed.•Thermodynamic calculation and experiments under different conditions were conducted to deeply analyze the complicated reactions.•The results will guide the development of more active catalysts for propylene production.

The rapid increase in the demand for propylene and its derivatives requires urgently developing propylene-producing technology. To better understand the complicated reactions on W-based metathesis catalyst for propylene production and further to clarify the involved reaction mechanism, thermodynamic calculation was first performed to analyze the gas mixture under different conditions theoretically. The analyzed reaction system is close to the ideal gas under typical reaction conditions. The detailed investigation of reactions under different conditions was then carried out using WO3/SiO2 and MgO catalysts in a fixed-bed tubular micro reactor. Experimental results together with calculation demonstrate that temperature plays the most important role in regulating metathesis reaction compared with other factors such as pressure, ethylene content and weight hourly space velocity (WHSV). Also, ethylene content in the feedstock affects a lot on metathesis process. With an optimized ratio of ethylene/n-butene, cross-metathesis of 2-butene and ethylene is more likely to take place than that of 1-butene and 2-butene, and trans-2-butene has a generally better activity to react with ethylene than cis-2-butene due to the steric effect. On the other hand, isomerization is more independent on temperature compared with metathesis reaction. The consumption of 2-butene in metathesis will promote isomerization of 1-butene to 2-butene. Some extreme conditions such as higher pressures, larger ethylene contents and lower temperatures will provide opportunities for polymerization of ethylene. Based on the reaction analysis under different conditions, the reaction routes are summarized and a supposing mechanism for the formation of metallacyclobutane intermediate from trans/cis-2-butene is proposed.

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Keywords
Metathesis; Isomerization; Thermodynamic; Propylene; Catalysis; Tungsten oxide
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Metathesis and isomerization of n-butene and ethylene over WO3/SiO2 and MgO catalysts: Thermodynamic and experimental analysis
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 517, 5 May 2016, Pages 227–235
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us