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Comparative study for low temperature water-gas shift reaction on Pt/ceria catalysts: Role of different ceria supports

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39161 45810 2015 13 PDF Available
Title
Comparative study for low temperature water-gas shift reaction on Pt/ceria catalysts: Role of different ceria supports
Abstract

•Processing–structure–property relationship of Pt/ceria catalysts were evaluated for the water-gas shift reaction using three ceria nanopowders synthesized with different techniques.•Physical and microstructural properties of the ceria and Pt/ceria catalysts were compared.•The structural properties of the support were correlated with the activity for the water-gas shift reaction.•Tests data suggest that performance improvements that approach 100% CO conversion can be achieved.

Pt on ceria catalysts for water-gas shift (WGS) reaction were prepared by employing three ceria nanopowders synthesized with different processing techniques and having different surface area and porosities. Nano-Pt (∼0.5–2 nm) was deposited in the vapor phase onto each of the three ceria supports by Reactive Spray Deposition Technology (RSDT). The catalysts were performance tested for the WGS reaction in the temperature range of 150–450 °C at a gas hourly space velocity (GHSV) of 13,360 h−1. The structure–activity relationship for the ceria-based materials was studied. The most promising catalyst was Pt supported on mesoporous ceria with crystallite size of 5.8 nm and Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) surface area of 187 m2/g. This configuration demonstrated complete CO conversion at 225 °C. The CO adsorption strength and the ability to dissociate H2O are the two main factors that determine the activity of a particular catalyst site for the water-gas shift (WGS) reaction. This study leads to the conclusion that the highest water-gas shift reaction activity was obtained on Pt supported on the mesoporous ceria with low crystallite size and high surface area, with well dispersed Pt, leading to enhanced Pt–ceria interaction.

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Keywords
Water-gas shift reaction; Flame spray pyrolysis; Pt–ceria interface; Mesoporous ceria; Processing–structure–property relationship
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Comparative study for low temperature water-gas shift reaction on Pt/ceria catalysts: Role of different ceria supports
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 507, 25 October 2015, Pages 1–13
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us