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Cobalt-aluminum mixed oxides prepared from layered double hydroxides for the total oxidation of benzene

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39174 45810 2015 9 PDF Available
Title
Cobalt-aluminum mixed oxides prepared from layered double hydroxides for the total oxidation of benzene
Abstract

•Calcination of Co-Al layered double hydroxides gave rise to Co(Co, Al)2O4 spinel.•Incorporation of Al3+ ions into the spinel structure inhibited the crystal growth.•The highest activity for benzene total oxidation was obtained at Co/Al = 5.•The optimized Co(Co, Al)2O4 spinel showed a long-term stable activity.

A series of Co-Al mixed oxides were prepared by co-precipitation method via Co-Al layered double hydroxides (LDHs) as precursors. The influence of chemical compositions of Co-Al LDHs on the structural and physicochemical properties of Co-Al mixed oxides as well as their catalytic performance for benzene total oxidation was investigated. The samples were characterized by using ICP, N2 physical adsorption, XRD, TG-DTA, SEM, TEM, Raman, H2-TPR, and XPS techniques. The characterization results showed that calcination of Co-Al LDHs gave rise to Co(Co, Al)2O4 spinel-like mixed oxide as the main phase. The crystallite size of Co(Co, Al)2O4 spinel (6 ∼ 19 nm) decreased with decreasing the Co/Al molar ratio, suggesting the inhibition of crystal growth by the incorporation of Al3+ ions in the spinel phase. A drastic change in the state of Co-Al mixed oxide occurred at Co/Al = 6, as indicated by H2-TPR and XPS. In benzene total oxidation, the activity of Co-Al mixed oxide increased with increasing the Co/Al molar ratio, with the highest activity at Co/Al = 5; further increase in the Co/Al molar ratio to 6 led to significant decrease in the activity, properly caused by the change of surface state of mixed oxide. The 50 h long-term stability test revealed that the optimized Co-Al mixed oxide was stable for the total oxidation of benzene.

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Keywords
Layered double hydroxides; Cobalt oxide; Mixed oxide; Volatile organic compounds; Catalytic total oxidation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 507, 25 October 2015, Pages 130–138
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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