fulltext.study @t Gmail

Fischer-Tropsch synthesis: Effect of pretreatment conditions of cobalt on activity and selectivity for hydrogenation of carbon dioxide

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39184 45812 2015 8 PDF Available
Title
Fischer-Tropsch synthesis: Effect of pretreatment conditions of cobalt on activity and selectivity for hydrogenation of carbon dioxide
Abstract

•Carbon dioxide hydrogenation was studied using undoped and Na-doped Co/SiO2.•The effects of different pretreatments (e.g., H2, syngas, or CO) were examined.•Metallic cobalt yields primarily methane and lower hydrocarbons from CO2.•The catalyst containing cobalt carbide and Na remarkably decreases CH4 selectivity.•The catalyst containing cobalt carbide and Na selectively converts CO2 to alcohols.

The effect of pretreatment conditions of cobalt on activity and product selectivity for the hydrogenation of carbon dioxide was studied over a 1%Na/20%Co–SiO2 catalyst using a fixed-bed catalytic reactor operated at 220 °C and 1.89 MPa. The metallic form of cobalt was obtained from the reduction of cobalt oxide (Co3O4) by H2 at 350 °C and produced primarily methane and lower hydrocarbons (C2–C4) from CO2. Pretreatments with pure H2 or syngas (H2:CO) at 250 °C yield a fraction of partially reduced cobalt (CoO), which tends to suppress the hydrogenation activity of cobalt somewhat, reducing methane selectivity to a limited degree. After CO activation, partially reduced cobalt oxide (CoO) and cobalt carbide phases formed and produced significantly less methane (i.e., selectivity of 15.3%), and surprisingly, the selectivity for alcohols increased to 73.2%. In the absence of sodium, direct methanation is still a preferred reaction for CO2 for CO pretreated cobalt; the XRD results of used catalysts revealed that the cobalt carbide phase converted to metallic cobalt. The results indicate that Na doping and carbide are important for low methane and high oxygenate selectivities. However, further work is needed to determine whether the role of Na is merely to stabilize the cobalt carbide phase, or whether Na is involved in promoting the catalytic cycle.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (84 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Carbon dioxide; Hydrogenation; Cobalt; Cobalt oxide; Cobalt carbide; Alcohols
First Page Preview
Fischer-Tropsch synthesis: Effect of pretreatment conditions of cobalt on activity and selectivity for hydrogenation of carbon dioxide
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 499, 25 June 2015, Pages 39–46
Authors
, , , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us