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Nanoparticle seeded pulse electrodeposition for preparing high performance Pt/C electrocatalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39186 45812 2015 11 PDF Available
Title
Nanoparticle seeded pulse electrodeposition for preparing high performance Pt/C electrocatalysts
Abstract

•Nanoparticle seeded pulse electroplating is used for preparation of Pt/C electrocatalysts.•Pt, non-Pt or Pt alloy nanoparticles can be used as seeding materials.•Highly dispersed and uniform Pt particles are indispensable for electrode performance.•Higher performance and less than 0.1 mg/cm2 Pt loaded Pt/C electrodes are achieved.•Non-crystalline structure and single atoms of Pt nanosized colloidal particles promote electrode performance.

Pulse electroplating technology has been applied in the preparation of Pt/C electrocatalysts for hydrogen fuel cell electrodes for decades. The major challenge remaining unsolved is the aggregation of Pt nanoparticles on the carbon support. This research reports a nanoparticle seeded pulse electroplating method for preparing Pt/C electrocatalysts used for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). Pt or Pt alloy nanoparticles were pre-deposited onto a carbon support as nuclei, followed by Pt pulse electrodeposition. This new approach is able to overcome Pt particle aggregation issues and improve catalyst performance. The technology can also be used for the preparation of core/shell Pt/C electrodes when non-Pt or Pt alloy nanoparticles are used as seeding materials. Experimental results show that a Pt/C electrode with less than 0.1 mg/cm2 Pt loading density, synthesized based on 3.0 nm Pt nanoparticle seeds, can achieve a higher ORR activity than a commercial electrode with 0.5 mg/cm2 Pt loading. When Pt-Pd-Ru alloy nanoparticles of 2.0 nm average diameter were used as seeding nuclei the prepared Pt/C electrode showed higher ORR performance than the commercial electrode, further reduced Pt loading density. Atomic level STEM analyses showed that numerous free Pt atoms were surrounding Pt nanoparticles, serving as nuclei. The seeding atoms, along with nanoparticles, promote the even growth of Pt particles on carbon support during electroplating. This result is verified by SEM images which indicate that electroplated Pt particles on the carbon surface are uniformly distributed and each particle is loosely packed with Pt nanosized flakes. The flower-like structure, with higher surface areas, enhances mass transfer rates and leads to higher ORR efficiencies. Although a commercial Pt/C electrode was used as a baseline catalyst for comparing prepared electrodes, this exploratory research was based on a rotational disk electrode. Fuel cell testing is needed to confirm the finding.

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Keywords
Pulse electroplating; Pt nanoparticles; Pt/C electrocatalysts; Hydrogen PEM fuel cell; Oxygen reduction reaction
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Nanoparticle seeded pulse electrodeposition for preparing high performance Pt/C electrocatalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 499, 25 June 2015, Pages 55–65
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us