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Development of a high-performance nanostructured V2O5/SnO2 catalyst for efficient benzene hydroxylation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39209 45813 2015 13 PDF Available
Title
Development of a high-performance nanostructured V2O5/SnO2 catalyst for efficient benzene hydroxylation
Abstract

•A SnO2-dispersed V2O5 mixed nano-oxide catalyst was successfully synthesized.•V2O5/SnO2 exhibited effective activity for the hydroxylation of benzene to phenol.•Mixing of SnO2 with V2O5 resulted in an active and selective catalyst.•Selectivity and conversion were shown to depend on V2O5 loading.•The V2O5/SnO2 catalyst was highly recyclable with negligible activity loss.

Nanostructured vanadium-tin oxide (V2O5/SnO2) catalysts with V2O5 loading in a range of 5–20 wt% have been synthesized. The V2O5/SnO2 nanostructures exhibited effective catalytic performance in the hydroxylation of benzene to phenol using H2O2 as the terminal oxidant. The structure of the catalysts was studied using various techniques, such as XRD, Raman spectroscopy, SEM, EDX, TEM/HRTEM, STEM-HAADF, and H2-TPR and the adsorption/desorption of nitrogen. The Raman study supported the formation of certain monomeric and polymeric surface vanadium species and a crystalline V2O5 phase on their respective dehydrated mixed V2O5/SnO2 nanostructured catalysts depending on the vanadium loading. TEM studies revealed the morphology of V2O5 and SnO2 to be characterized by the formation of nanoparticles with a size of approximately 20 nm. Moreover, the dispersion of V2O5 on SnO2 was also found to be influenced by V2O5 loading where a high loading of 20 wt% exhibited an agglomeration of particles, which affected its catalytic activity. The V2O5/SnO2 catalysts resulted in modified redox properties, as evidenced by the H2-TPR results. These structural developments of mixed V2O5/SnO2 presented a highly active catalyst for the hydroxylation of benzene to phenol affording up to a 34% conversion, while preserving a phenol selectivity of 96% for a sample of V2O5/SnO2 containing 10 wt% V2O5. The catalytic results indicated that the vanadium content in V2O5/SnO2 played an important role not only in improved substrate conversion but also in preserving a high selectivity for phenol. This was also evident from the correlation of the different vanadium phases for pure and composite catalysts with their respective catalytic results. Both polymeric and monomeric vanadium species on an SnO2 surface proved to be critical for the high catalytic performance of the catalyst. The high catalytic performance displayed by V2O5/SnO2 can provide opportunities for further development as a green and economical protocol for direct phenol synthesis from benzene hydroxylation with excellent catalyst recyclability.

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Keywords
Vanadium oxide; Tin oxide; Nanostructure; Mixed oxide; Hydroxylation; Benzene
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Development of a high-performance nanostructured V2O5/SnO2 catalyst for efficient benzene hydroxylation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 492, 25 February 2015, Pages 10–22
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us