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Selective hydroconversion of naphthalenes into light alkyl-aromatic hydrocarbons

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39224 45813 2015 11 PDF Available
Title
Selective hydroconversion of naphthalenes into light alkyl-aromatic hydrocarbons
Abstract

•Hydrogenation of naphthalenes was studied over various metal supported catalysts.•Mo2C/γ-Al2O3 catalyst was found to be highly active and selective in naphthalenes hydrogenation into tetralins.•Hydrocracking of tetralin into BTX was studied over H-Beta and Ni/H-Beta.•Bifunctional Ni/H-Beta was found to be more effective than monofunctional H-Beta in the hydrocracking of tetralin into BTX.

2-Ring aromatics such as naphthalene and alkyl-naphthalenes constitute a high fraction in the diesel boiling point range by-products from oil refining and petrochemical plants. A two-step catalytic process, consisting of a selective hydrogenation of naphthalenes to tetralins and a subsequent hydrocracking of tetralins into light alkyl-aromatic hydrocarbons rich in BTX (benzene, toluene, xylenes), was postulated and studied in a fixed bed down-flow reactor under a moderate pressure of 3–4 MPa. For the selective hydrogenation of naphthalenes to tetralins, it was found that the catalytic performances of Mo2C-supported catalysts were superior in terms of tetralins yield as well as selectivity to the conventional metal-supported catalysts such as Pt, Co, Ni and NiW supported catalysts. The hydrocracking of tetralin was demonstrated to produce light alkyl-aromatic hydrocarbons rich in BTX over a monofunctional H-Beta and a bifunctional Ni/H-Beta catalyst. For the high per pass yield of BTX in the hydrocracking of tetralin in which chemical equilibrium limits its conversion and product selectivity, the bifunctional Ni/H-Beta catalyst was found to be highly promising compared with the monofunctional H-Beta catalyst. The bifunctional Ni/H-Beta showed the BTX selectivity in liquid product and the total BTX yield as high as 69.5% and 40.7 wt%, respectively, at the tetralin conversion of 99.5% at 450 °C under 4 MPa. The catalytic behavior of Ni/H-Beta suggests that BTX yield can be much improved by properly controlling the hydrogenation power of metallic sites (i.e., suppressing the hydrogenation activity), the acidity of H-Beta and their balance on the bifunctional hydrocracking catalysts.

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Keywords
Naphthalenes hydrogenation; Tetralin hydrocracking; BTX; Mo2C catalyst; Ni/H-Beta
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Selective hydroconversion of naphthalenes into light alkyl-aromatic hydrocarbons
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 492, 25 February 2015, Pages 140–150
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Full-text PDF Download
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