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Visible light-driven photoactivity of zinc oxide impregnated chitosan beads for the detoxification of textile dyes

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39254 45815 2015 11 PDF Available
Title
Visible light-driven photoactivity of zinc oxide impregnated chitosan beads for the detoxification of textile dyes
Abstract

•ZCB was introduced as a new photocatalyst for photodecolorization of MB and RB dyes.•A visible light active photocatalyst ZCB enhances the MB and RB dyes decolorization.•Reduction in COD values indicated the mineralization of dyes selected for the study.•The reusability of ZCB was assessed to exploit it in the field conditions.•The photocatalytic method using ZCB is found to be economic and eco-friendly.

The photocatalytic decolorization of model textile dyes, namely, Methylene Blue (MB) and Rhodamine B (RB) dyes using zinc oxide (ZnO) and zinc oxide impregnated chitosan beads (ZCB) under UV and visible light irradiations were investigated. ZCB was synthesized in order to enhance the photoresponse of ZnO toward visible light using chitosan, a well-known biopolymer. The ZnO and ZCB photocatalysts were characterized by Fourier transform-infrared spectra (FT-IR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDAX), diffuse reflectance spectra (DRS) and X-ray diffraction studies (XRD). In order to optimize various experimental parameters viz., irradiation time, the amount of catalyst, pH, co-ions, initial concentration of dye, experiments were conducted under UV and visible light irradiations. The percentage of decolorization of MB and RB dyes using ZnO and ZCB is in the order of ZnO/UV > ZCB/vis > ZnO/vis. The mineralization of dyes was assessed by measuring chemical oxygen demand (COD) at optimized conditions. The rate of photodecolorization of MB and RB dyes follows the pseudo-first-order kinetics. The reuse of ZCB in the photocatalytic decolorization of textile dyes has also been studied.

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Keywords
Visible light; Zinc oxide; Chitosan; Band gap energy; Chemical oxygen demand
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Visible light-driven photoactivity of zinc oxide impregnated chitosan beads for the detoxification of textile dyes
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 503, 25 August 2015, Pages 124–134
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us