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Synthesis and catalytic evaluation of dendrimer-templated and reverse microemulsion Pd and Pt nanoparticles in the reduction of 4-nitrophenol: The effect of size and synthetic methodologies ☆

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39279 45816 2015 14 PDF Available
Title
Synthesis and catalytic evaluation of dendrimer-templated and reverse microemulsion Pd and Pt nanoparticles in the reduction of 4-nitrophenol: The effect of size and synthetic methodologies ☆
Abstract

•Pd and Pt nanoparticles were synthesized using dendrimer templates.•Pd and Pt nanoparticles were synthesized using reverse microemulsions.•Smaller particle sizes were obtained using the dendrimer templates.•Catalytic evaluation was performed by 4-nitrophenol reduction.•Dendrimer-templated Pd nanoparticles were the most active catalysts.

The objective of this study was to produce well-defined palladium and platinum nanoparticles and investigate the effect of nanoparticle size and synthetic methodologies in the catalytic activities. Two types of template, hydroxyl terminated poly(amidoamine) dendrimer template and reverse microemulsions using sodium dietylhexylsulfosuccinate (AOT) surfactant/isooctane/water system, were utilized to produce Pd and Pt nanoparticles. The average diameter (d) of Pd and Pt nanoparticles were 1.9–2.5 nm by the dendrimer-template method, 3.5–5.1 nm by the reverse microemulsions. Overall, smaller sizes with narrower size distributions were obtained by the dendrimer template method. The reduction of 4-nitrophenol (4-Nip) was selected as a model reaction to fulfill the objective of this study. The surface normalized rate constant (k1), which takes into account the size of nanoparticle, was utilized to compare the catalytic activities of various catalytic systems in literature as well as in this study. The effect of nanoparticle size and synthetic methodologies on the catalytic activities will be discussed based on k1. The results indicate that Pd based nanoparticles presented higher catalytic activities as compared to Pt based nanoparticles and the nanoparticle produced by the dendrimer template showed superior activities to that of the reverse microemulsions for the reduction of 4-Nip.

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Keywords
Pd nanoparticles; Pt nanoparticles, Dendrimer-templated; PAMAM dendrimer; Reverse microemulsions; AOT; 4-nitrophenol reduction; Damköhler number; Surface normalized rate constant (k1)
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Synthesis and catalytic evaluation of dendrimer-templated and reverse microemulsion Pd and Pt nanoparticles in the reduction of 4-nitrophenol: The effect of size and synthetic methodologies ☆
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 497, May 2015, Pages 107–120
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us