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Efficient production of 1,3-butadiene in the catalytic dehydration of 2,3-butanediol

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39338 45818 2015 7 PDF Available
Title
Efficient production of 1,3-butadiene in the catalytic dehydration of 2,3-butanediol
Abstract

•Catalytic dehydration of 2,3-butanediol was investigated for a direct formation of 1,3-butadiene.•Sc2O3 calcined at 800 °C was the most effective catalyst with high 1,3-butadiene selectivity.•1,3-Butadiene was preferentially produced over a single layer catalyst of Sc2O3 at 411 °C.•1,3-Butadiene was efficiently produced over two catalyst beds, Sc2O3 + Al2O3, at 318 °C.•The highest selectivity to 1,3-butadiene exceeds 94% at 318 °C.

Vapor-phase catalytic dehydration of 2,3-butanediol (2,3-BDO) was investigated over rare earth oxide catalysts and In2O3 at around 400 °C. In the dehydration of 2,3-BDO over Sc2O3, 1,3-butadiene was mainly produced together with butanone, 2-methyl-propanal, 2-methyl-propanol, 3-buten-2-ol, and butene isomers. Sc2O3 calcined at 800 °C showed the highest 1,3-butadiene yield of 88.3% at 411 °C in H2 carrier gas flow. Since 3-buten-2-ol is produced selectively from 2,3-BDO over Sc2O3 at a low temperature of 325 °C, 3-buten-2-ol rather than butanone is a probable intermediate from 2,3-BDO to 1,3-butadiene. 3-Buten-2-ol is readily converted into 1,3-butadiene at temperatures lower than 411 °C over Sc2O3 and Al2O3. In addition, double-bed catalysts composed of an upper catalyst bed of Sc2O3 and a lower of Al2O3 successfully converted 2,3-BDO directly into 1,3-butadiene with a stable selectivity higher than 94% at 318 °C and 100% conversion of 2,3-BDO.

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Keywords
Dehydration; 2,3-Butanediol; 1,3-Butadiene; 3-Buten-2-ol; Rare earth oxide; Sc2O3
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Efficient production of 1,3-butadiene in the catalytic dehydration of 2,3-butanediol
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 491, 5 February 2015, Pages 163–169
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us