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Heterogeneous palladium catalyst constructed with cross-linked hyperbranched poly(phenylacetylene) as polymer support: A reusable highly active ppm-level catalyst for multiple cross-coupling reactions

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39394 45822 2015 11 PDF Available
Title
Heterogeneous palladium catalyst constructed with cross-linked hyperbranched poly(phenylacetylene) as polymer support: A reusable highly active ppm-level catalyst for multiple cross-coupling reactions
Abstract

•Hyperbranched poly(phenylacetylene) was used as polymer support for Pd catalysts.•The Pd supported catalyst has high activity for multiple cross-coupling reactions.•The supported catalyst is reusable.•The catalyst facilitates reactions of aryl chlorides/bromides and heterocycles.•High TON/TOF are achieved with Pd loadings down to ppm or even ppb levels.

We demonstrate in this work a unique strategy for the synthesis of heterogeneous Pd catalysts with the use of a hyperbranched poly(phenylacetylene) containing pendant alkyne groups as the cross-linkable polymer substrate. It utilizes the dual functions of Pd-based catalysts in catalyzing both alkyne polymerization/oligomerization and coupling reactions. In the synthesis, a homogeneous Pd(II) catalyst catalyzes the cross-linking of the hyperbranched polymer and simultaneously encapsulates itself into the cross-linked polymer matrix, rendering the heterogeneous catalyst at high yield and high percentage of Pd encapsulation. Three homogeneous catalysts having different ligands (triphenylphosphine, a diphosphine ligand, and a diimine ligand) have been examined for the cross-linking encapsulation and the resulting heterogeneous catalysts have been evaluated for their catalytic performance in coupling reactions. Among the various heterogeneous catalysts obtained, a triphenylphosphine-ligated catalyst, HBPPA-Pd-2, appears to be the optimum one. It shows high activity in catalyzing the Suzuki–Miyaura reactions, the Mizoroki–Heck reactions, and the allylic arylation reactions under air with the Pd loading at as low as mol ppm or even mol ppb levels relative to the reactants. Meanwhile, it facilitates the Suzuki–Miyaura reactions of challenging less reactive aryl chlorides/heteroaryl bromides and the Mizoroki–Heck reactions of aryl bromides as reactants. In addition, it behaves truly as a heterogeneous catalyst with high reusability and low catalyst leaching during the reactions.

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Keywords
Heterogeneous Pd catalyst; Cross-coupling reactions; Hyperbranched polymer; Suzuki–Miyaura reactions; Mizoroki–Heck reactions; Allylic arylation reactions
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Heterogeneous palladium catalyst constructed with cross-linked hyperbranched poly(phenylacetylene) as polymer support: A reusable highly active ppm-level catalyst for multiple cross-coupling reactions
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 489, January 2015, Pages 61–71
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us