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Studies on Mg-Zn mixed oxide catalyst for biodiesel production

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39396 45822 2015 9 PDF Available
Title
Studies on Mg-Zn mixed oxide catalyst for biodiesel production
Abstract

•Catalyst precipitating agent effects the formation of mixed oxide Zn-Mg-O.•FAME content influenced by (1) Mg to Zn mole ratio (2) Zn-Mg-O role on basicity.•The deactivation is associated with blocking of active basic sites by organic moiety.•Biodiesel effectively produced at low temperature by using solid Mg3Zn1 CO2ppt.

Mg-Zn mixed oxides with different Mg to Zn mole ratio were synthesized using a CO2 precipitation method and studied for the transesterification of soybean oil with methanol to produce fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) or biodiesel. The Mg to Zn optimized mole ratio was found to be about 3, denoted as Mg3Zn1. Different Mg3Zn1 catalysts synthesized using co-precipitation (Cop), impregnation (IMP) and urea hydrolysis (urea) methods were also studied for FAME production. All Mg-Zn mixed oxides were characterized by FTIR, XRD, TG/DTA, CO2-TPD and HR-TEM/SEM-EDX techniques. Formation of FAME in this study was influenced by the Mg to Zn molar ratio and preparative parameters. The maximum FAME content (90% mass) was obtained at 65 °C for the Mg3Zn1 CO2 precipitation (Mg3Zn1 CO2ppt) catalyst wherein a mixed oxide lattice Zn-Mg-O was established by HR-TEM. The contribution towards the greater biodiesel content was mainly attributed to the Zn-Mg-O lattice basic sites. The catalytic activity of Mg-Zn mixed oxides for FAME formation increases as follows; ZnO ≈ Mg3Zn1 urea < Mg1Zn1 ≈ Mg3Zn1 IMP < Mg5Zn1 < MgO < Mg3Zn1 Cop < Mg3Zn1 CO2ppt.

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Keywords
Biodiesel; Transesterification; Mg-Zn mixed oxide; CO2 precipitation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 489, January 2015, Pages 77–85
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us