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Role of Ti3+ in CS2 conversion over TiO2 Claus catalyst

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39399 45822 2015 6 PDF Available
Title
Role of Ti3+ in CS2 conversion over TiO2 Claus catalyst
Abstract

•Ti3+ is formed in TiO2 during Claus process.•Ti3+ in TiO2 promotes CS2 conversion activity.•Sc3+ introduced into TiO2 plays a role of “permanent Ti3+”.

The objective of the study reported here was to unravel the reaction mechanism of TiO2 catalysts used for CS2 conversion in Claus process gas mixtures. Previously, it was demonstrated that the activity of titania exceeds that of alumina when used in the presence of H2S/SO2 mixtures. In this study, it has been demonstrated that the presence and formation of Ti3+ cation substantially improves CS2 conversion activity for hydrolysis of CS2 and for the Claus reaction process. This improvement is explained by a dual-centre adsorption model for CS2 over titania which consists of chemisorption at adjacent Ti3+–Ti4+O groups. Understanding the role of Ti3+ has allowed development of a more active Claus catalyst by introducing a pseudo “permanent Ti3+” cation, Sc3+, into the framework structure of titania. Commercial implications based on above observation are also suggested for both catalyst designers and plant operation.

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Keywords
Ti3+; Sc3+; Titania; CS2 conversion; Claus reaction
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Role of Ti3+ in CS2 conversion over TiO2 Claus catalyst
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 489, January 2015, Pages 111–116
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us