fulltext.study @t Gmail

Spectroscopic characterization of CuOx/TiO2–ZrO2 catalysts prepared by a-step sol–gel method

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39413 45822 2015 8 PDF Available
Title
Spectroscopic characterization of CuOx/TiO2–ZrO2 catalysts prepared by a-step sol–gel method
Abstract

•CuOx/TiO2–ZrO2 with different copper loading catalysts were prepared by one-pot sol–gel method.•The nature and distribution of copper species was studied by TPR, DR UV–Vis and EPR.•Isolated Cu2+ ions in distorted octahedral coordination are present in all samples.•“Bulk-like” CuO particles and highly dispersed CuOx nanoparticles are observed.•Nature and distribution of copper species affect catalytic activity.

Copper–titania–zirconia mixed oxides with TiO2/ZrO2 1:1 atomic ratio and copper content of 1, 3 and 5 wt% were prepared by one-step sol–gel method. X-ray diffraction and gas-volumetric analysis showed poor crystallinity and high specific surface area (around 250 m2/g) of the catalysts calcined at 400 °C. The nature of the copper species in the mixed oxides was characterized by temperature-programmed reduction in hydrogen (TPR), low-temperature electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and diffuse reflectance (DR) UV–Vis spectroscopies. These techniques suggested the presence of different copper species including distorted octahedral Cu2+ ions (isolated or quasi-isolated) in the solid solution bulk, characterized by a TPR peak above 400 °C (labeled as T1), electronic d–d transitions around 800 nm and an anisotropic EPR signal with two hyperfine interactions in the g|| region. The symmetry of this site changed from rhombic (S1) to axial (S3) while increasing copper loading. The inclusion of copper ions in the TiO2–ZrO2 matrix was also testified by changes in the mixed-oxide edge position. Two families of supported copper oxide were found. CuO “bulk-like” showed relatively high reduction temperature (T2, around 250 °C), while highly dispersed CuOx nanoparticles/clusters resulted in TPR peaks around 170 and 200 °C (T4 and T3). These species were responsible for the UV–Vis adsorption above 400 nm and for the broad and asymmetric axial EPR signal with g|| in the range from 2.14 to 2.29 (S2 and S2′). Finally, 2-propanol decomposition was employed as a test reaction to probe the catalyst's surface properties. The results suggested a marked effect of copper loading on the reactivity pattern, confirming the presence of CuO/CuOx particles on the surface of the TiO2–ZrO2 support.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (105 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Titania–zirconia; Copper oxide; XRD; TPR; DR UV–Vis; EPR.
First Page Preview
Spectroscopic characterization of CuOx/TiO2–ZrO2 catalysts prepared by a-step sol–gel method
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 489, January 2015, Pages 218–225
Authors
, , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us