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Hydrogenation of nitro-compounds over rhodium catalysts supported on poly[acrylic acid]/Al2O3 composites

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39421 45822 2015 12 PDF Available
Title
Hydrogenation of nitro-compounds over rhodium catalysts supported on poly[acrylic acid]/Al2O3 composites
Abstract

•New well-defined hybrid composites from acrylic acid polymer with Al2O3.•Rhnanoparticles and di-rhodium carboxylate complex deposition on PAA/Al2O3 supports.•Metallic Rh using as catalysts in nitro-compounds hydrogenation.•Upper 98% selectivity was achieved over all the catalysts for nitrobenzene hydrogenation.•Reaction over the most selective catalyst showed a linear Hammett relationship and positive reaction constant (ρ = 1.24).

In this report, poly[acrylic acid] gels containing Al2O3 were prepared by simultaneous free-radical polymerization and sol–gel chemistry using different amounts of 3-(trimethoxysilyl)propyl methacrylate (TMPM) as a compatibilizer. The hybrid materials were used as supports for a rhodium catalyst in the chemoselective hydrogenation of 3-substituted aromatic nitro-compounds. The supported rhodium catalyst was prepared by an ion-exchange process. In situ H2 flux was used to produce active species of the catalysts. The resulting materials were characterized by infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, solid-state 29Si and 13C NMR, X-ray diffraction, transmission/scanning electron microscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. All materials exhibited simultaneous interpenetrating hybrid network structures (SIHNs). The morphologies and physicochemical properties depended on the amount of TMPM used. The catalysts were found to be effective for the reduction of nitrobenzene in ethanol at room temperature and a hydrogen pressure of 20 atm. The most active and selective catalyst was used in the hydrogenation of different 3-substituted aromatic nitro-compounds. The hydrogenation reactions displayed high conversion levels and promoted exclusive –NO2 group reduction, resulting in the sole formation of the corresponding amino-compound, with the exception of 1,3-dinitrobenzene, in which over-hydrogenation was detected. The presence of electron-donating/electron-withdrawing substituents at the 3-position resulted in different rates of –NO2group hydrogenation. This effect was quantified in terms of the Hammett relationship, in which the catalyst displayed a linear correlation between the substituent constant (σi) and the hydrogenation rate, with the exception of –OH, –NH2, and –OCH3 groups. One explanation for this behavior is a proposed support-substrate hydrogen bond interaction during the catalytic reaction.

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Keywords
Rhodium; Hybrid materials; Hydrogenation; Metallic catalysts
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Hydrogenation of nitro-compounds over rhodium catalysts supported on poly[acrylic acid]/Al2O3 composites
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 489, January 2015, Pages 280–291
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us