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Synthesis and activity evaluation of a FeCl2-promoted palladium hollow nano-sphere heterogeneous catalyst in Mizoroki–Heck coupling reactions

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39471 45824 2014 9 PDF Available
Title
Synthesis and activity evaluation of a FeCl2-promoted palladium hollow nano-sphere heterogeneous catalyst in Mizoroki–Heck coupling reactions
Abstract

•The hollow Pd–PVP–Fe nano-spheres catalyst has an average size of 49 ± 7 nm.•The average shell size of the hollow structure was 9 ± 1 nm and possessed monocrystalline structure.•It is highly active and selective for coupling of aryl halides with n-butyl acrylate.•The catalyst could be reused without significant degradation in activity.

A high-active, high-quality, and high-yield hollow Pd–PVP–Fe (palladium–poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone)–iron) nano-sphere catalyst with cubic structure was synthesized via a cheap method without using any support. This catalyst exhibited excellent catalytic activity in the Mizoroki–Heck reactions of less reactive chlorobenzene and some aryl bromides with n-butyl acrylate. The catalyst was fully characterized using SEM (scanning electron microscopy), EDX (energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy), TEM (transmission electron microscopy), HRTEM (high resolution TEM), SAED (selected area electron diffraction) pattern, XRD (X-ray diffraction spectroscopy), FT-IR (Fourier transform infrared spectrophotometry), UV–Vis Spectrophotometry, Zeta sizer, and AAS (atomic absorption spectrometry). Effects of FeCl2·4H2O and PVP concentrations as well as their compatibility with palladium in the catalytic system were investigated. The catalytic property of the catalyst can be controlled by adjusting the proportion of Fe0, Pd0, and PVP concentration. The reused catalyst showed excellent activity as well as negligible leaching of the metal nanostructures into solution from the catalyst system.

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Keywords
Hollow; Palladium; Iron; Heterogeneous catalysis; Mizoroki–Heck reactions
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Synthesis and activity evaluation of a FeCl2-promoted palladium hollow nano-sphere heterogeneous catalyst in Mizoroki–Heck coupling reactions
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 487, October 2014, Pages 139–147
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us