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Gallium exchanged phosphotungstic acid supported on zirconia: Efficient catalyst for Friedel–Crafts benzylation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39474 45824 2014 7 PDF Available
Title
Gallium exchanged phosphotungstic acid supported on zirconia: Efficient catalyst for Friedel–Crafts benzylation
Abstract

•Heteropoly tungstate modified in its secondary structure with Ga.•Ga induces Lewis acidic sites in heteroply tungstate.•Presence of Ga in secondary structure of TPA results in high benzylation activity.•Benzylation activity depended on amount of GaTPA on zirconia.

Gallium exchanged phosphotungstic acid (GaTPA) supported on zirconia catalysts were prepared and their physico-chemical properties were derived from FT-infrared spectra, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, temperature programmed desorption of ammonia, pyridine adsorbed FT-IR spectra and solid state 31P NMR spectroscopy. The catalysts activity was studied for Friedel–Crafts benzylation of anisole with benzyl alcohol. The characterization of catalysts revealed that the primary Keggin structure remained intact during exchange of TPA protons with Ga3+. The exchange of Ga3+ with the protons of TPA led to increase in Lewis acidity. Benzylation activity depended on the amount of the GaTPA and the catalyst with 20 wt% GaTPA supported on zirconia showed highest activity. The activity profiles of the catalysts were well correlated with the characteristics of the catalysts. Reaction parameters such as effect of reaction temperature, catalyst weight, anisole to benzyl alcohol molar ratio were also optimized. Under optimized conditions complete conversion of benzyl alcohol was obtained. The catalyst is reusable with consistent activity.

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Keywords
Anisole; Benzyl alcohol; Benzylation; Gallium; Heteropoly tungstate
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Gallium exchanged phosphotungstic acid supported on zirconia: Efficient catalyst for Friedel–Crafts benzylation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 487, October 2014, Pages 165–171
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
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