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Active ruthenium species in acetylene hydrochlorination

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39489 45825 2014 9 PDF Available
Title
Active ruthenium species in acetylene hydrochlorination
Abstract

•Acetylene conversion is stable at 96.5% in 48 h at 170 °C over Ru/SAC-C300 catalyst.•Both oxidation and reduction can improve the catalytic activity.•RuO2 is the key active ingredient for acetylene hydrochlorination.

A series of ruthenium-based catalysts were prepared using spherical activated carbon as a support with the treatment of oxidation or reduction. The catalytic performances of the prepared catalysts were assessed in the hydrochlorination of acetylene based on their characterisation by BET, TG, TEM, TPR, Raman, and XPS. The best catalytic performance was achieved with the oxidised catalyst Ru/SAC-C300, which exhibited a stable acetylene conversion at 96.5% in 48 h at 170 °C and a GHSV (C2H2) of 180 h−1. It is proposed that there exist three major active sites on the surface of Ru-based catalysts for acetylene hydrochlorination, i.e., the oxidised site (RuO2), the reduced state (metallic Ru) and the complexes of Ru/RuOy. Compared with the active ingredient of metallic Ru and Ru/RuOy through the reductive treatment, the active ingredient of RuO2 is key for improving the catalytic performance of Ru-based catalysts through the oxidative treatment, which provides a promising route to explore high efficient non-mercuric catalysts for acetylene hydrochlorination.

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Keywords
Ru-based catalyst; Acetylene hydrochlorination; RuO2; Metallic Ru.
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 488, November 2014, Pages 28–36
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
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Price was $35.95
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