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Europium-doped ZnO as a visible light responsive nanocatalyst: Sonochemical synthesis, characterization and response surface modeling of photocatalytic process

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39503 45825 2014 11 PDF Available
Title
Europium-doped ZnO as a visible light responsive nanocatalyst: Sonochemical synthesis, characterization and response surface modeling of photocatalytic process
Abstract

•Synthesis of ZnO and EuxZn1−xO samples by sonochemical method.•Characterization of the synthesised nanomaterials by XRD, FT-IR, SEM and XPS.•Photocatalytic degradation of a textile dye by the synthesized nanocatalysts.•Optimization of the photocatalytic process by response surface methodology.

Pure and Eu-doped ZnO nanostructures with different amounts of Eu were synthesized using a simple sonochemical method. The as-synthesized samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, UV–Vis spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The photocatalytic activity of as-prepared Eu-doped ZnO was investigated based on the decolorization of Acid Red 17 (AR17) under visible light irradiation. The decolorization efficiency was found to be 25.2%, 55.6%, 63.1% and 30.3% for undoped, 1% Eu-ZnO, 3% Eu-ZnO and 5% Eu-ZnO, respectively. Using 3% Eu-doped ZnO nanoparticles, the decolorization efficiency reached 100% by adding 0.1 mM S2O82−. Response surface methodology based on five-level central composite design was applied to model and optimize the decolorization of AR17 over 3% Eu-doped ZnO/S2O82−. Accordingly, the value of correlation coefficients (R2 = 0.970 and adjusted-R2 = 0.935) obtained from analysis of variance confirmed the adequacy of fitted model. The maximum decolorization efficiency of 99% was achieved at an initial dye concentration of 5 mg/L, catalyst dosage of 1.25 g/L, S2O82− concentration of 0.25 mM and reaction time of 150 min. The decolorization efficiency decreased only 7% after 4 repeated runs.

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Keywords
Photocatalysis; Nanostructured materials; Sonochemistry; Organic dyes; Nanocatalyst
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Europium-doped ZnO as a visible light responsive nanocatalyst: Sonochemical synthesis, characterization and response surface modeling of photocatalytic process
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 488, November 2014, Pages 160–170
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us