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BaTi1−xCuxO3 perovskites: The effect of copper content in the properties and in the NOx storage capacity

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39507 45825 2014 11 PDF Available
Title
BaTi1−xCuxO3 perovskites: The effect of copper content in the properties and in the NOx storage capacity
Abstract

•The incorporation of copper into the lattice distorts the perovskite structure.•BaTi1−xCuxO3 catalysts are active for NO to NO2 oxidation and for NOx adsorption.•NOx storage capacity of the BaTi1−xCuxO3 catalysts increases with copper content.•BaTiCu2 shows a NOx storage capacity close to noble metal-based catalysts.

BaTi1−xCuxO3 perovskites have been prepared by the Pechini's sol-gel method and the effect of copper in the structural and physico-chemical properties of the perovskites and in the performance of the catalysts for NOx storage has been studied.XRD and Raman spectroscopy results indicate that all the copper containing catalysts present a distortion of the original tetragonal structure due to the incorporation of copper into the lattice. The XPS and H2-TPR results reveal that the copper catalysts, except for BaTiCu0,5 catalyst, present two copper species (with different electronic interaction with the perovskite) and active surface oxygen species. Additionally, it seems that the fraction of copper with a strong electronic interaction with the perovskite or incorporated into the perovskite structure increases with the copper content.The active sites created on the BaTi1−xCuxO3 perovskite surface bring to the catalysts activity for the NO to NO2 oxidation and for the NOx adsorption. The NOx storage capacity increases with the copper content and reaches a limit for the BaTiCu2 catalyst (300 μmol/g, at 420 °C) which is within the range of the values reported for the noble metal-based catalysts.

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Keywords
Perovskite; NOx storage; Copper; Sol-gel method; NO to NO2 oxidation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 488, November 2014, Pages 189–199
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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