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Catalytic hydrodeoxygenation of guaiacol over platinum supported on metal oxides and zeolites

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39541 45826 2015 12 PDF Available
Title
Catalytic hydrodeoxygenation of guaiacol over platinum supported on metal oxides and zeolites
Abstract

•Hydrodeoxygenation of guaiacol over Pt-based catalysts at mild conditions (<200 °C).•Pt supported on SiO2 more active than catalysts based on Al2O3, TiO2, ZrO2, CeO2.•Hydrogenation to methoxycyclohexanol and its further deoxygenation observed under mild conditions.•Improved efficiency towards cyclohexane for a bifunctional Pt/zeolite catalyst.•Hydrogenation followed by acid-catalyzed dehydration is the preferential pathway under mild conditions.

Hydrodeoxygenation of guaiacol over Pt-based catalysts was studied as a representative for phenolic compounds in pyrolysis oil. Screening of various Pt-based catalysts supported on different oxides and using different preparation methods resulted in 1% Pt/SiO2 and platinum supported on zeolites, such as 1% Pt/H-MFI-90, as the most promising catalysts in a temperature range up to 200 °C. Thereby conversions of 86 % and 100 % were received, respectively. Particularly, selectivities to cyclohexane above 90 % were achieved for 1% Pt/H-MFI-90.X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) uncovered that mild reduction temperatures were sufficient for the reduction of 1% Pt/SiO2 (up to 150 °C) and 1% Pt/H-MFI-90 (up to 40 °C) while 1%Pt/Al2O3 required a higher temperature of at least 320 °C. The average particle size obtained for Pt/SiO2 was 2–3 nm as unraveled by scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS). The deoxygenation ability of the catalysts was improved if the Pt particles were deposited on an acidic H-MFI zeolite (>130 μmol acid sites per gram) as support. 1% Pt/SiO2 showed the highest selectivity towards deoxygenation at 50 °C, whereas for 1% Pt/H-MFI-90 temperatures of about 150 °C were required to achieve a high selectivity to cyclohexane. For the latter catalyst a longer reaction time was beneficial to maximize the selectivity towards cyclohexane. The hydrogen pressure did not have significant influence on the reaction rate. The results are in agreement with a hydrodeoxygenation mechanism over Pt/zeolite catalysts at temperatures up to 200 °C that comprises hydrogenation in the first step and acid catalyzed dehydration combined with hydrogenation in the second step.

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Keywords
Biomass conversion; Guaiacol; Hydrodeoxygenation; Platinum; Zeolite
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Catalytic hydrodeoxygenation of guaiacol over platinum supported on metal oxides and zeolites
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 490, 25 January 2015, Pages 181–192
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
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