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Flame-made Pt/TiO2 catalysts for the liquid-phase selective hydrogenation of 3-nitrostyrene

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39542 45826 2015 8 PDF Available
Title
Flame-made Pt/TiO2 catalysts for the liquid-phase selective hydrogenation of 3-nitrostyrene
Abstract

•Pt/TiO2 catalysts were prepared by the single-step flame spray pyrolysis (F-Pt/Ti).•The F-Pt/Ti showed higher Pt dispersion and activity for NS hydrogenation.•Reduction at 500–600 °C resulted in higher Pt–Ti interface sites.•Pt/TiO2 prepared by impregnation (I-Pt/Ti) showed lower thermal stability of TiO2.•Coverage of Pt surface by TiOx occurred at much lower temperature for I-Pt/Ti.

The liquid-phase selective hydrogenation of 3-nitrostyrene (NS) was investigated over nanocrystalline Pt/TiO2 catalysts synthesized by the single-step flame spray pyrolysis (FSP) method. The obtained powder was characterized by N2 physisorption, X-ray diffraction (XRD), CO pulse chemisorption, transmission electron spectroscopy (TEM), temperature-programmed reduction (TPR), and infrared spectroscopy of adsorbed CO (CO-IR). High dispersion of small Pt particles (dP 1.2 nm) on high anatase/rutile TiO2 was obtained by the FSP method. The catalyst performances of the FSP-made catalysts (F-Pt/Ti) in terms of both hydrogenation activity and selectivity to vinylaniline (VA) improved from 61 to 66% and from 40 to 73% by reduction at high temperature. Compared to F-Pt/Ti, Pt/TiO2 obtained by conventional impregnation (I-Pt/Ti) on a sol–gel TiO2 contained higher amount of rutile phase composition and exhibited much lower Pt dispersion and hydrogenation activity (5% after reduction at 200 °C and 50% at 500 °C). The TOFs for NS hydrogenation were calculated to be 22–113 s−1. Complete transformation of anatase TiO2 to rutile occurred after reduction at 600 and 700 °C for the I-Pt/Ti and F-Pt/Ti, respectively, leading to excessive decoration of Pt by the reducible TiOx species and poor catalytic performances.

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Flame-made Pt/TiO2 catalysts for the liquid-phase selective hydrogenation of 3-nitrostyrene
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 490, 25 January 2015, Pages 193–200
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
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Full-text PDF Download
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