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Oxidative methane coupling over Mg, Al, Ca, Ba, Pb-promoted SrTiO3 and Sr2TiO4: Influence of surface composition and microstructure

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39546 45827 2014 10 PDF Available
Title
Oxidative methane coupling over Mg, Al, Ca, Ba, Pb-promoted SrTiO3 and Sr2TiO4: Influence of surface composition and microstructure
Abstract

•High catalytic activity for Mg, Al doped SrTiO3 and Sr2TiO4 in OCM was demonstrated.•In OCM conditions Mg-doped Sr2TiO4 decomposes and produces surface (Sr, Mg)O oxide.•Segregation of (Sr, Mg)O oxide strong influences C2 products yield and selectivity.•CH4 activation rate constants correlates with quantity of surface carbonate species.

Mg, Al, Ca, Ba, Pb-substituted titanates SrTi1−xAxO3 (A = Mg, Al, Ca, Ba, Pb, x = 0.1) and Sr2Ti1−xAxO4 (A = Mg, Al, x = 0.1) were synthesized using mechanochemical method (sintering at 1100 °C in air for 4 h) and tested in oxidative coupling of methane (OCM) at 850 and 900 °C. The obtained samples were double-phase samples consisting of Mg, Ca, Ba substituted perovskite (SrTiO3) and “layered” perovskite – (Sr2TiO4 or Sr3Ti2O7). In case of Al and Pb, it was shown that these cations most probably did not replace Ti in the perovskite structure and formed the Sr3Al2O6 and SrPbO3 individual phases. The most active samples were Mg- and Al-doped SrTiO3 and Sr2TiO4, which in their mixture with inert quartz particles showed C2 yield up to 25% and C2 selectivity around 66%. Microstructure analysis of Mg-substituted titanates revealed that under reaction conditions the “layered” perovskite decomposed releasing (Sr, Mg)O mixed oxide segregated to the surface. The samples characterized by the highest surface content of the (Sr, Mg)O oxide, which was estimated by IR CO2 adsorption, demonstrated both the highest activity in methane activation and the highest rate of methyl radical generation to the gas phase. The influence of the (Sr, Mg)O segregation on the formation of active oxygen species is discussed.

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Keywords
XRD, X-ray diffraction; TEM, transmission electron microscopy; XPS, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy; DDPA, differential dissolution phase analysis; OCM, oxidative coupling of methaneOxidative methane coupling; Perovskite; Strontium titanate; Layered pero
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Oxidative methane coupling over Mg, Al, Ca, Ba, Pb-promoted SrTiO3 and Sr2TiO4: Influence of surface composition and microstructure
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 485, 5 September 2014, Pages 10–19
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
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