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Copper ion substituted hercynite (Cu0.03Fe0.97Al2O4): A highly active catalyst for liquid phase oxidation of cyclohexane

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39549 45827 2014 11 PDF Available
Title
Copper ion substituted hercynite (Cu0.03Fe0.97Al2O4): A highly active catalyst for liquid phase oxidation of cyclohexane
Abstract

•Copper ion substituted hercynite has been synthesized by solution combustion.•This spinel is highly active for cyclohexane oxidation under mild conditions.•Combustion derived catalyst is superior to the analogous impregnated one.•Substitutional copper ion in hercynite is very stable towards catalyst recycling.•The behavior is explained by ionic interaction in combustion synthesized catalyst.

Copper ion substituted MAl2O4 (M = Mg, Mn, Fe, Ni and Zn) spinels, CuxM1−xAl2O4 (x = 0.03 and 0.05), have been synthesized by a single step solution combustion method. Of the various compositions studied the 3 at.% copper ion substituted hercynite, Cu0.03Fe0.97Al2O4, reported here for the first time, is shown to be much more active (∼92% conversion with ∼99% selectivity) than other spinel analogues towards liquid phase oxidation of cyclohexane in acetonitrile with H2O2 as oxidant in air. Powder XRD analyses have revealed formation of pure hercynite phases. The least-square refined lattice parameters obtained from XRD data together with microstructural data by HRTEM have indicated copper ion substitution in the spinel lattice. The oxidation state of copper has been established as +2 from XPS analysis and it seem to be primarily substituted in the Fe-site of hercynite. Incorporation of the copper in the spinel structure of FeAl2O4 leading to an ionic interaction is explained to be responsible for the higher oxidation activity observed over the combustion synthesized catalyst than the corresponding impregnated catalyst which contains finely dispersed CuO crystallites. Effect of recycling (repeated thrice) has shown almost no degradation of activity of the copper ion substituted hercynite. In contrast, the analogous impregnated catalyst has shown appreciable loss of activity in the consecutive cycles due to the presence of dispersed CuO crystallites which can agglomerate with ease and subsequently leach out.

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Keywords
Spinel; Copper substitution; Solution combustion; Cyclohexane oxidation; Ionic interaction
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Copper ion substituted hercynite (Cu0.03Fe0.97Al2O4): A highly active catalyst for liquid phase oxidation of cyclohexane
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 485, 5 September 2014, Pages 40–50
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us