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Hydrocracking of DDGS corn oil over transition metal carbides supported on Al-SBA-15: Effect of fractional sum of metal electronegativities

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39551 45827 2014 9 PDF Available
Title
Hydrocracking of DDGS corn oil over transition metal carbides supported on Al-SBA-15: Effect of fractional sum of metal electronegativities
Abstract

•Hydrocracking of corn oil over bimetallic Ni carbide catalysts was studied.•Supported Ni was impregnated with Mo, Nb, W, or Zr, with or without Ce.•The sum of electronegativities of the metals, if noble-metal-like, was important.•Ce promoted the reactivity and selectivity of the reaction.•The NiNbC-supported catalyst with 5% Ce was stable for 168 h at 400 °C and 4.48 MPa.

Nickel-based carbide catalysts combined with four different metals (Mo, Nb, W, and Zr) and supported on Al-SBA-15 were investigated for the hydrocracking of distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) corn oil to produce biofuels under mild reaction conditions. The effects of the fractional sums of the electronegativities of the transition metals on the catalyst activities, selectivities, and stabilities were investigated. The closer the fractional sum of the transition metal electronegativities was to the electronegativity range of the noble catalysts (2.0–2.2), the better was the catalyst performance. The highest diesel selectivity was obtained from NiWC/Al-SBA-15, with a fractional sum of electronegativity of 2.06. The effects of doping a promoter (Ce) on the catalyst electronegativity and activity were studied. Adding Ce generally improved the catalyst performance, by adjusting the combined electronegativities nearer to 2.0–2.2. However, other parameters affected by Ce addition, such as textural properties, or the performance of individual metals could also impact catalyst performance. The NiNbC/Al-SBA-15 catalyst promoted with 5% Ce maintained stable activity for 168 h at 400 °C and 4.48 MPa H2.

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Keywords
Hydrocracking; Corn oil; Electronegativity; Nickel-carbide co-catalyst; Cerium promotion
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Hydrocracking of DDGS corn oil over transition metal carbides supported on Al-SBA-15: Effect of fractional sum of metal electronegativities
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 485, 5 September 2014, Pages 58–66
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us