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Heteropolyacid-based ionic liquids as effective catalysts for the synthesis of benzaldehyde glycol acetal

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39562 45827 2014 8 PDF Available
Title
Heteropolyacid-based ionic liquids as effective catalysts for the synthesis of benzaldehyde glycol acetal
Abstract

•Heteropolyacid-based ionic liquid catalysts with high acetal yield and durability are reported.•The catalyst system shows self-separation property desirable for facile recovery and recycling.•Acid properties of these TPA-based IL catalysts were studied by the 31P-TMPO MAS-NMR approach.•Experimental parameters during acetalization of benzaldehyde with glycol were optimized by RSM.

A series of environmental benign ionic liquid (IL) catalysts, synthesized by incorporating varied amounts of tungstophosphoric acid (TPA) and pyridinium propyl sulfobetaine (PPS) zwitterionic precursor, were exploited for homogeneous conversion of biomass. In particular, these water-soluble PPS-TPA IL ([PPSH]xH3−xPW12O40; x = 1.0–3.0) catalysts were evaluated for acetalization of benzaldehyde with glycol. The catalyst system revealed self-separation characteristics, which resulted in the formation of biphasic product/catalyst layers to render facile product separation and catalyst recycling. Among various PPS-TPA ILs examined, the [PPSH]2HPW12O40 catalyst exhibited excellent durability and an optimal acetal yield over 85%, in good agreement with that predicted by factorial design of experiments and response surface methodology (RSM). The effects and correlations of different experimental variables such as reaction time, relative reactant concentration, amount of water-carrying agent, and amount of catalyst were addressed by the Box–Behnken design (BBD). The deduced optimal conditions lead to an acetal yield of 85.2%, which is consistent with experimental results and that predicted by the BBD model. The superior acetalization activities observed for the novel PPS-TPA IL catalysts are attributed to their highly acidic nature and weak mass transport resistance.

Graphical abstractHeteropolyacid-based ionic liquid catalysts with superior acetal yield, excellent durability, and unique self-separation property desirable for facile recovery and recycling during homogeneous conversion of biomass are reported.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (149 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Heteropolyacids; Ionic liquids; Acetalization; Acidity; Process optimization; Biomass conversion
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Heteropolyacid-based ionic liquids as effective catalysts for the synthesis of benzaldehyde glycol acetal
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 485, 5 September 2014, Pages 149–156
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us