fulltext.study @t Gmail

Nanocrystalline TiO2–diatomite composite catalysts: Effect of crystallization on the photocatalytic degradation of rhodamine B

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39563 45827 2014 6 PDF Available
Title
Nanocrystalline TiO2–diatomite composite catalysts: Effect of crystallization on the photocatalytic degradation of rhodamine B
Abstract

•Nanocrystalline TiO2 particles were deposited on porous diatomite microparticles.•Thermal hydrolysis is an effective method to deposit TiO2 on diatomite surface.•TiO2–diatomite composite enhances the photocatalytic degradation of rhodamine B dye.•Anatase/rutile phase on the diatomite influences the photocatalytic activity.

Nanocrystalline TiO2–diatomite composites (DT) were prepared by depositing TiO2 nanoparticles on the surface of diatomite microparticles. Thermal hydrolysis of titanium oxysulfate in aqueous suspension of diatomites led to the formation of uniform layer of TiO2 on diatomite. The degree of crystallinity of TiO2 nanoparticles was increased with thermal annealing as revealed by XRD analyses. SEM images of the composite samples show uniform layer of TiO2 is successfully deposited on diatomite surfaces. N2 physical adsorption–desorption measurements show higher specific surface area of the composite sample compared to unsupported TiO2. The photocatalytic activity of the composite samples annealed at different temperatures was evaluated by the degradation of rhodamine B (RhB) dye in aqueous solution under UV-light irradiation and compared with the unsupported TiO2 powders. It is found that the photocatalytic reaction follow a pseudo-first-order rate law and the composite catalyst crystallized at 500 °C shows the highest catalytic activity toward RhB degradation. It was observed that diatomite substrate significantly enhanced the photodegradation efficiency of TiO2 due to higher surface area, mesoporous structure and uniform deposition of the small sized TiO2 particles.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (265 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
TiO2–diatomite; Anatase–rutile; Photocatalysis; Dye degradation
First Page Preview
Nanocrystalline TiO2–diatomite composite catalysts: Effect of crystallization on the photocatalytic degradation of rhodamine B
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 485, 5 September 2014, Pages 157–162
Authors
, , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us