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Ni-exchanged Y-zeolite: An efficient heterogeneous catalyst for acetylene hydrocarboxylation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39564 45827 2014 9 PDF Available
Title
Ni-exchanged Y-zeolite: An efficient heterogeneous catalyst for acetylene hydrocarboxylation
Abstract

•Production of acrylic acid by the first highly effective heterogeneous catalysts.•The role of metal and acidic sites were investigated.•Promoters such as copper salt can reduce the activation period of the reaction.•The catalytic activity depends on the Ni loading and the state of nickel in zeolite.•Coke formed during the reaction was mainly located outside the channel of zeolite.

A series of Ni-modified Y-zeolites with varying Ni loading in the presence of cupric salt as promoter were studied for acetylene hydrocarboxylation performed in a batch reactor. The catalysts were characterized by elemental analysis, H2-TPR, XRD, NH3-TPD, pyridine-FTIR, SEM, TG-DTG and Raman. It was found that the catalytic activity showed a pronounced dependence on the supports, metal introduction method, promoters and reaction conditions. The nickel species present as charge compensation cations in the zeolite framework constitute the active sites, and the acid sites help to promote the performance of carbonylation. Moreover, two types of coke were observed, and the remarkable reusability of NiY is attributable to the location of the coke outside the zeolite crystals. High catalytic performance was obtained over a NiY(7.0) catalyst with 62 gacrylic acid/(gcat. · h) of yield at 235 °C, 3.6 MPa of initial total pressure and 0.8 mM/l of cupric bromide within 40 min of reaction time. This is the most effective heterogeneous system for synthesizing acrylic acid by carbonylation of acetylene to date.

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Keywords
Carbonylation; Acrylic acid; Heterogeneous catalysts; Acetylene; Zeolite; Coke characterization
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Ni-exchanged Y-zeolite: An efficient heterogeneous catalyst for acetylene hydrocarboxylation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 485, 5 September 2014, Pages 163–171
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us