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Effect of phosphorus on acidity and performance of HZSM-5 for the isomerization of styrene oxide to phenylacetaldehyde

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39577 45828 2014 7 PDF Available
Title
Effect of phosphorus on acidity and performance of HZSM-5 for the isomerization of styrene oxide to phenylacetaldehyde
Abstract

•Catalyst lifetimes are prolonged with phosphorus addition at P/Al ratio ≤ 1.•Trimerization of phenylacetaldehyde occurs at external acid sites.•External acid sites can be deactivated by phosphorus modification.•Phosphorus modified HZSM-5 zeolites exhibit an improved anti-coking ability.

A series of phosphorus modified HZSM-5 (SiO2/Al2O3 = 25, P/Al = 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0) samples were prepared and tested in the isomerization of styrene oxide to phenylacetaldehyde under a gas-phase atmosphere free of solvents. The strength and concentration of Brønsted acid sites decreased with increased phosphorus content, while all samples exhibited initial conversions of styrene oxide greater than 99%. External acid sites were gradually deactivated with phosphorus addition, improving the phenylacetaldehyde selectivity by suppressing its trimerization which occurred at external acid sites. When the P/Al ratio ≤ 1, catalyst lifetimes extended because of the decrease in strong acid strength. Hard coke, which preferentially formed on strong acid sites, was considerably inhibited in the presence of phosphorus.

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Keywords
Phosphorus; HZSM-5; Isomerization; Styrene oxide; Phenylacetaldehyde
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Effect of phosphorus on acidity and performance of HZSM-5 for the isomerization of styrene oxide to phenylacetaldehyde
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 482, 22 July 2014, Pages 1–7
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us