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Vanadium phosphorus oxide catalyst promoted by cobalt doping for mild oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde in the liquid phase

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39599 45828 2014 9 PDF Available
Title
Vanadium phosphorus oxide catalyst promoted by cobalt doping for mild oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde in the liquid phase
Abstract

•VPO-Co catalysts with different Co/V molar ratios prepared by classical organic method.•Oxidation of alcohols was studied in the liquid phase over VPO-Co catalyst.•VPO-Co catalyst had excellent activity for alcohol oxidation.•Effects of substrates, temperature, catalyst amount and solvents were investigated.•The selected catalyst was reused without significant loss of activity.

A series of cobalt-doped vanadium phosphorus oxides (VPO-Co) catalysts, as well as unpromoted sample (VPO) were prepared using classical organic method via VOHPO4·0.5H2O precursor followed by calcinations in n-butane/air environment at 400 °C for 24 h. Techniques such as XRD, BET surface area, chemical titration, SEM, TPR and FT-IR were used for characterization of the catalysts. The results showed that promoted and unpromoted VPO catalyst were contained crystalline form of V4+ (vanadyl pyrophosphate, (VO)2P2O7) and also a small amount of V5+ (β-VOPO4 phase). However, Co promoted VPO contained poorer crystallinity compared to the unpromoted catalysts. CoPO4 phase also observed in the VPO-Co series and the intensities of the X-ray lines of CoPO4 increased with the increase of the Co/V molar ratio. In addition, the promotion of Co resulted in larger amount of V5+ species. Co was found to increase the average oxidation number of vanadium from 4.28 to 4.35 due to an addition of V5+ oxidation state from 28% to 35%.Oxidation of benzyl alcohol, for the first time, was studied in the liquid phase over VPO and VPO-Co catalysts, using tert-butylhydroperoxide (TBHP) as an oxidant. The catalytic tests showed that cobalt doping significantly increased the overall activity for the oxidation of benzyl alcohol. At 90 °C, the obtained activities were 0.662 and 1.014 gpro g−1VPO h−1 over the VPO and VPO-Co (molar ratio Co/V = 0.01) catalysts, respectively. The effects of reaction temperature, amount of the catalyst, solvents, and catalyst recycling of VPO-Co in liquid phase were also investigated.

Graphical abstractOxidation of benzyl alcohol is studied in the liquid phase over cobalt-doped vanadium phosphorus oxide (VPO-Co) catalyst using tert-butylhydroperoxide (TBHP). The activity of VPO-Co samples was considerably increased with respect to VPO catalyst and these samples are found to be suitable for the selective oxidation of alcohols.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (105 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Vanadylpyrophosphate; Promoter; Co; Benzyl alcohol oxidation
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Vanadium phosphorus oxide catalyst promoted by cobalt doping for mild oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde in the liquid phase
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 482, 22 July 2014, Pages 189–197
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us