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Effect of zeolite on the activity of Ru/MnCO3 catalysts for Fischer–Tropsch reaction

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39601 45828 2014 9 PDF Available
Title
Effect of zeolite on the activity of Ru/MnCO3 catalysts for Fischer–Tropsch reaction
Abstract

•Two types of zeolite containing-Ru/MnCO3 catalysts can be develop for FTS.•The zeolite-Ru/MnCO3 shows narrower carbon distribution than non-zeolite catalysts.•Metallic Ru particle sizes remained constant even after 720 h-FTS reaction.•The origin of catalyst deactivation can be explained in terms of wax deposition.

The zeolite-containing Ru/MnCO3 3Ru(NO)-Mn catalysts were investigated on the Fischer–Tropsch synthesis (FTS) in a low pressure fixed-bed reactor. The catalytic activity and i/n ratio of C4 hydrocarbons were found to be a little higher than those of non-zeolite systems such as 3Ru(NO)-Mn alone and 3Ru(NO)-Mn with MnCO3 as a diluents, while the α-value and olefin/paraffin ratio of C2–C4 hydrocarbons were lower for the zeolite system than those of non-zeolite. The hydrocarbon cracking ability could be improved for all-in-one type Ru-Z-B as well as 3Ru(NO)-Mn physically mixed with zeolite, compared with 3Ru(NO)-Mn with MnCO3. In fact, the Ru-Z-B catalyst gives a narrower carbon distribution than the 3Ru(NO)-Mn with MnCO3 catalyst. The Ru crystallite sizes of used catalysts after 120 h- and 720 h-reaction were close to those of fresh catalysts, indicating no aggregation occurred. The origin of catalyst deactivation could depend on the extent of hydrocarbon deposition, even in zeolite-containing catalyst systems. The longer reaction time, the more condensed wax materials were formed and, even after a gentle calcination of the used Ru-Z-B catalyst at 350 °C, the inorganic-like carbons still remain, as ascertained by TPR-Q-mass analysis. The proposed deactivation mechanism would be consistent with other analytical evidences such as thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), CO adsorption, transmission electron micrograph (TEM) of used catalysts as well as NH3-TPD of the used zeolites.

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Keywords
Fischer–Tropsch synthesis; Zeolite-containing Ru catalyst; Narrow carbon distribution; Deactivation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 482, 22 July 2014, Pages 205–213
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
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Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Full-text PDF Download
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