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Crude glycerol as a raw material for the liquid phase oxidation reaction

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39606 45828 2014 13 PDF Available
Title
Crude glycerol as a raw material for the liquid phase oxidation reaction
Abstract

•Oxidation of crude glycerol fractions was investigated over Pt/Al2O3 catalyst.•The effect of each impurity was independently studied.•Mineral salts have a small detrimental effect on the oxidation process.•MONG-NM strongly hinders the reaction rates.•Up to 5 wt.% of methanol in feed enhances the process reactivity.

In the present work, crude and partially purified glycerol fractions received from large biodiesel production plant were used as a raw material in the catalytic partial oxidation process. Before using, each fractions were carefully characterized in order to identify and quantify the major contaminants. Depending on the purification degree, the weight concentration of glycerol in the different fractions varied from 40.3% to 98.2%, the methanol content did not exceed 29.1%, mineral salts (determined as ash) varied from 0.03% 6.6%, while the residual organic matter (non-glycerol and non-methanol, named here MONG-NM) was between 0.7% and 22.1%. The reaction of glycerol oxidation was carried out in the liquid phase over a commercial 1 wt.% Pt/Al2O3 catalyst. The effect of each identified impurity type was independently studied, both in the presence and absence of base in the reaction mixture. The results indicated that MONG-NM is the most problematic compound, as it strongly hinders the reaction. As the post-reaction analysis of spent catalyst (Elemental Analysis and XPS) showed practically negligible leaching of platinum and lack of important changes in its oxidation state, the most probable explanation for observed decrease in glycerol conversion is blocking of glycerol access to the catalyst active sites by adsorbed heavy-weight components of MONG-NM. An attempt of regeneration and reusing of spent catalyst proved that such poisoning can be reversed by simple washing of catalyst with organic solvent enable to dissolve hydrophobic fatty acid derivatives. The mineral salts also have a detrimental effect on the glycerol oxidation process, but much tinier than that of MONG-NM. In contrast, the presence of methanol in the feed promoted the process reactivity, which was attributed to improved oxygen solubility in the methanol–water solutions (at least in the analysed range of methanol concentrations ≤5 wt.%).

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Keywords
Crude glycerol; Liquid phase oxidation; Effect of impurities
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 482, 22 July 2014, Pages 245–257
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us