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Effects of method of preparation on catalytic activity of Co–Zn double-metal cyanide catalysts for copolymerization of CO2 and epoxide

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39612 45828 2014 9 PDF Available
Title
Effects of method of preparation on catalytic activity of Co–Zn double-metal cyanide catalysts for copolymerization of CO2 and epoxide
Abstract

•Preparation of Co–Zn DMC by different methods and mode of reactants addition.•DMC complexes catalyze copolymerization of CO2 and epoxides.•Method of preparation of DMC influences catalytic activity.•Preparation of highly active DMC catalysts without using co-complexing agent.•DMC catalysts with no induction period in polycarbonates synthesis.

Co–Zn double-metal cyanide (DMC) complexes are well-known catalysts for ring-opening polymerization of epoxides and co-polymerization of CO2 and epoxides. This work provides an insight on structure–activity relationship of DMC for poly(cyclohexene carbonate) synthesis. Seven samples of DMC were prepared by different methods and mode of reagent addition. Highly active catalyst could be synthesized even without using a co-complexing agent. CO2 adsorption studies revealed that higher the guest-host interaction higher would be the catalytic activity. High density and strength of Lewis acid sites, moderate crystallinity, low crystal symmetry (rhombohedral/monoclinic), Cl− ions and coordinated tert.-butanol (complexing agent) control the catalytic activity for polycarbonates. Chloride in the structure avoided induction period by increasing acidity of the catalyst and thereby, improving the guest–host interactions. Polycarbonates with CO2 incorporation as high as 86 mol%, average molecular weight of 20900 and polydispersity index of 1.8 were prepared at complete conversion of cyclohexene oxide.

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Keywords
Carbon dioxide; Double-metal cyanide; Polycarbonate; Copolymerization of CO2 and cyclohexene oxide; CO2 utilization; Structure-activity relationship
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Effects of method of preparation on catalytic activity of Co–Zn double-metal cyanide catalysts for copolymerization of CO2 and epoxide
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 482, 22 July 2014, Pages 300–308
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us