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Dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene over zirconium-based perovskite-type catalysts of AZrO3 (A: Ca, Sr, Ba)

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39617 45828 2014 8 PDF Available
Title
Dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene over zirconium-based perovskite-type catalysts of AZrO3 (A: Ca, Sr, Ba)
Abstract

•BaZrO3 represented a significantly high activity for dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene.•The activity over BaZrO3 increased with time course.•BaZrO3 with a pretreatment by H2 showed high activity without an induction period.•Activity increased with the increment of the amount of oxygen vacancies.•The production of oxygen vacancies opened the adsorption channel of ethylbenzene.

The aim of this work was to investigate the catalytic performance of the AZrO3 (A: Ca, Sr or Ba) catalysts for the dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene (EBDH) to produce styrene and to clarify an important factor for the high dehydrogenation activity. Among the AZrO3 catalysts, only the BaZrO3 (BZO) catalyst showed a significantly high activity for EBDH and the activity increased with time, while the CaZrO3 and SrZrO3 catalysts almost did not provide any activity at 823 K. Comparing the styrene yield over the BZO catalyst with that over the industrial potassium-promoted iron oxide (Fe–K) catalyst, the BZO catalyst showed a lower styrene yield than the Fe–K catalyst at the initial stage of the reaction. However, after 40 min of EBDH, the BZO catalyst exhibited a higher styrene yield than the Fe–K catalyst. Based on an ESR measurement, a sharp signal at g = 2.004, which was identified as an unpaired electron trapped in oxygen vacancies, was detected in the BZO catalyst after dehydrogenation. The number of oxygen vacancies increased with change in the dehydrogenation activity. In addition, the BZO catalyst with a pretreatment by H2 reduction presented a high activity without an induction period. Comparing the profiles of the temperature desorption of ethylbenzene (EB) over the prereduced catalyst to that of the untreated BZO catalyst, a chemisorbed species of EB was detected over the prereduced BZO catalyst, although a physisorbed species was present on the surface of the untreated catalyst. Hence, the production of oxygen vacancies opened the adsorption channel of EB and created the reactive site, which produced a high EBDH activity.

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Keywords
Dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene; Perovskite oxide catalyst; BaZrO3; Oxygen vacancy; ESR
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Dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene over zirconium-based perovskite-type catalysts of AZrO3 (A: Ca, Sr, Ba)
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 482, 22 July 2014, Pages 344–351
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us