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Efficient catalytic conversion of the fructose into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural by heteropolyacids in the ionic liquid of 1-butyl-3-methyl imidazolium chloride

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39653 45830 2014 5 PDF Available
Title
Efficient catalytic conversion of the fructose into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural by heteropolyacids in the ionic liquid of 1-butyl-3-methyl imidazolium chloride
Abstract

•The [BMIM]Cl/PW12 and [BMIM]Cl/SiW12 have been applied to the fructose dehydration.•Both the 99% yield and selectivity can be obtained at 80 °C in only 5 min.•The [BMIM]Cl/PW12 can be recycled and reused for at least ten times with only slight decrease of the reactivity.•The [BMIM]Cl/PW12 and [BMIM]Cl/SiW12 meet the requirement of green catalysis.

The heteropolyacids (HPAs) of H3PW12O40 (PW12) and H4SiW12O40 (SiW12) have been demonstrated to be effective catalysts for promoting dehydration of the fructose to 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF) in the presence of the ionic liquid of 1-butyl-3-methyl imidazolium chloride ([BMIM]Cl) as green solvent. The 5-HMF can be obtained with both the yield and selectivity of 99% at 80 °C in only 5 min. The activation energy of 31.88 kJ mol−1 by applying the [BMIM]Cl/PW12 system for dehydration of the fructose is much lower than those reported in the literature. Moreover, the used ionic liquid of [BMIM]Cl and HPAs could be recycled and reused with only slight decrease of reactivity for at least ten times. Compared with those systems reported so far, the [BMIM]Cl/PW12 and [BMIM]Cl/SiW12 exhibit higher yield, shorter reaction time, lower temperature for catalytic conversion of the fructose to 5-HMF, and they are environmental-friendly green systems.

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Keywords
Heteropolyacids; Dehydration; Fructose; 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural; Ionic liquid
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Efficient catalytic conversion of the fructose into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural by heteropolyacids in the ionic liquid of 1-butyl-3-methyl imidazolium chloride
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 484, 22 August 2014, Pages 74–78
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
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