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Biosynthesized ruthenium nanoparticles supported on carbon nanotubes as efficient catalysts for hydrogenation of benzene to cyclohexane: An eco-friendly and economical bioreduction method

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
39662 45830 2014 7 PDF Available
Title
Biosynthesized ruthenium nanoparticles supported on carbon nanotubes as efficient catalysts for hydrogenation of benzene to cyclohexane: An eco-friendly and economical bioreduction method
Abstract

•Ru nanoparticles are synthesized with Cacumen Platycladi extract.•Ru nanoparticles show a spherical shape and distribute well on the CNTs.•Ru/CNTs catalysts exhibit high activity toward benzene hydrogenation.•The plant biomass may be responsible for the superior catalytic performance.

Ru/carbon nanotubes (CNTs) catalysts synthesized by an environmentally benign and economical bioreduction approach were applied to the hydrogenation of benzene to cyclohexane under mild conditions without adding any solvent. The catalysts were characterized by a variety of techniques including BET, TEM, HAADF-STEM -EDX, XRD, XPS, FTIR, TG, and DTG. The effect of various preparation parameters, such as Ru loading, preparation temperature and calcination temperature on the catalytic performance were systematically analyzed and the optimum conditions were found to be 2 wt%, 60 °C, and 500 °C, respectively. In terms of reaction conditions, the combination of reaction temperature at 80 °C under the pressure of 4 MPa, and the time length of 0.5 h proved to be optimum, under which the cycohexane yield of 99.97% along with the TOF value of 6983.09 h−1 were achieved. Such results could match or even outweigh those reported in the literature. Furthermore, efforts were also made to probe the stability of catalysts. In a word, the merits of excellent durability, sound productivity and preferable reusability grant the catalysts a promising future in the industrial application.

Graphical abstractPlenty of ruthenium nanoparticles showed a well-defined spherical shape and were distributed well on the carbon nanotubes, accompanied with superior and stabilized catalytic performance.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (259 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Biosynthesis; Ruthenium nanoparticles; Ruthenium catalysts; Benzene hydrogenation
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Biosynthesized ruthenium nanoparticles supported on carbon nanotubes as efficient catalysts for hydrogenation of benzene to cyclohexane: An eco-friendly and economical bioreduction method
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 484, 22 August 2014, Pages 154–160
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us